TITLE

Corneal and Scleral Permeability of Quinolones—A Pharmacokinetics Study

AUTHOR(S)
Ming-Cheng Tai, Hannu; Da-Wen Lu; Chiao-Hsi Chiang, Hannu
PUB. DATE
December 2003
SOURCE
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology & Therapeutics;Dec2003, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p547
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To investigate the corneal and scleral permeability of nalidixic acid and synthesized fluoroquinolones and their in vivo pharmacokinetics in rabbits. Methods: The corneal and scleral permeability coefficients of ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, cinoxacin, enoxacin, and ofloxacin were determined in rabbits using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The aqueous humor levels of norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin were measured separately by topical instillation of 0.3% solutions of the two drugs onto rabbit eyes. Results: Nalidixic acid had a higher corneal permeability coefficient (17.3 ± 3.56 × 10[sup -6] cm/second) than all other drugs tested (p < 0.01). Corneal permeability coefficients in rabbits among ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, cinoxacin, enoxacin, and ofloxacin were not significantly different (p > 0.1). Comparing the corneal and scleral permeability coefficients, only values for nalidixic acid were not significantly different (17.35 ± 3.56 × l0[sup -6] cm/second versus 22.69 ± 5.19 × 10[sup -6] cm/second, p > 0.05), while all other drugs had scleral permeability coefficients 8 to 10 times greater than corneal permeability coefficients. The mean aqueous humor concentration of norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin at 60 minutes to 180 minutes after instillation was around 0.3 μg/mL, a value higher than MIC[sub 90] of most bacteria.
ACCESSION #
11874130

 

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