Stapled Hemorrhoidectomy: A Review of Our Early Experience

Dixon, Matthew R.; Stamos, Michael J.; Grant, Stuart R.; Kumar, Ravin R.; Ko, Clifford Y.; Williams, Russell A.; Arnell, Tracey D.
October 2003
American Surgeon;Oct2003, Vol. 69 Issue 10, p862
Academic Journal
Treatment of hemorrhoids may safely be accomplished by using a circular stapler instead of the conventional open procedure for large symptomatic hemorrhoids. Our purpose was to assess the safety and early post-op results of this new surgical technique as it was introduced into clinical practice. Medical records from 62 patients treated by circumferential mucosectomy/stapled hemorrhoidectomy were obtained from 6 surgeons. Preoperative factors assessed included demographics, comorbidities, prior anorectal surgery, hemorrhoid grade, and the indications for surgery. Operative factors examined included operating time, use of perioperative antibiotics, and oversewing of the suture line. Postoperative factors included complications and date of last follow-up. Sixty-two patients underwent this operation, and complications were reported in six patients (10%). There was one death unrelated to the hemorrhoid surgery. Postoperative pain, defined as requiring pain control with intravenous medication, hospital admission, or an emergency department visit, occurred in two patients. Two patients reported postoperative bleeding. One patient experienced bleeding the first evening, and the second patient had bleeding 1 week postoperatively. The first patient was admitted overnight and required no blood transfusion or further intervention. The second patient was subsequently found to have a bleeding diverticulum. One patient experienced urinary retention that resolved with conservative management. Postoperative follow-up was available for over 90 per cent of the patients at a median of 4 weeks postoperatively. No additional complications were discovered at follow-up. This data suggests that stapled hemorrhoidectomy is a safe and effective approach to hemorrhoidal disease. Our findings indicate an acceptable complication rate among a group of surgeons beginning to integrate this modality into clinical practice.


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