Towards a Design Framework for Spatial Variability in Cement Treatment for Underground Construction

Liu, Y.; Jiang, Y.; Lee, F. H.
September 2016
Geotechnical Engineering (00465828);Sep2016, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p1
Academic Journal
The most common form of ground treatment used to facilitate underground construction in Singapore is cement treatment. However, there is currently no indication on how safe and how conservative this adopted strength is since the prescribed strength bears no relationship to the probability of failure or factor of safety. This paper examined several sources leading to non-uniformity and spatial variation in cement-treated soils, including curing time effect, influence of operating parameters on slurry concentration, in-situ water content and column positioning errors. A framework for design and monitoring of ground treatment by cement was proposed.


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