Congruence of Parents' and Children's Perceptions of Parenting: A Meta-Analysis

Korelitz, Katherine; Garber, Judy
October 2016
Journal of Youth & Adolescence;Oct2016, Vol. 45 Issue 10, p1973
Academic Journal
Parents and children often report different perspectives about parents' behaviors. Such lack of congruence is important because it may reflect problems in their relationship and may be associated with children's maladjustment. We conducted a systematic, quantitative review of parent-child agreement and discrepancy about parenting behaviors, and potential moderators (e.g., children's age, race, clinical status, family intactness) of the extent of mother-child and father-child congruence. The meta-analyses included 85 studies with 476 effect sizes of the degree of agreement and discrepancy in parent-child reports of three parenting behaviors: Acceptance, Psychological Control, and Behavioral Control assessed with one of the most widely-used measures of parenting-the Children's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory. Mother-child and father-child dyads exhibited significant but modest levels of agreement ( r) across parenting constructs. The amount and direction of discrepancy (Hedges' g) varied by the parenting construct and parents' sex. Overall, parents' reports were more favorable than their children's report about the parents' behaviors. Significant associations were found between the magnitude of agreement/discrepancy and children's age, race, clinical status, and family intactness. Moderators differed by parenting construct, parents' sex, and type of effect size. Implications of these findings for researchers and clinicians are discussed and highlight the need for further research about the meaning of parent-child incongruence, its relation to children's psychopathology, and interventions for reducing it.


Related Articles

  • Children and electronic games: A comparison of parents' and childrens' perceptions of... Funk, Jeanne; Hagan, Jill // Psychological Reports;Dec99 Part 1, Vol. 85 Issue 3, p883 

    Examines parental knowledge of children's electronic-game playing habits by assessing the congruence between children's and parents' perceptions of child's playing time, parental supervision, game preference and reaction to actual game-playing. Parents' higher estimate of supervision time than...

  • Half of parents underestimate the weight of their overweight or obese children. Min Hae Park // Evidence Based Nursing;Apr2015, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p47 

    The article talks about a systematic review and meta-analysis on weight underestimation of parents of overweight or obese children. Topics include parental underestimation of child weight, obesity interventions, and the value of changes in perceived health risk and lifestyle along with...

  • Perceived Parental Warmth, and Children's Psychological Adjustment, and Personality Dispositions: A Meta-analysis. Khaleque, Abdul // Journal of Child & Family Studies;Feb2013, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p297 

    The purpose of this meta-analysis is to address three questions drawn from one of the basic postulates of parental acceptance-rejection theory: (1) To what extent are children's perceptions of parental warmth related to their psychological adjustment? (2) To what extent are children's...

  • Perceived Parental Neglect, and Children's Psychological Maladjustment, and Negative Personality Dispositions: A Meta-analysis of Multi-cultural Studies. Khaleque, Abdul // Journal of Child & Family Studies;May2015, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p1419 

    The objective of this meta-analysis is to address three questions drawn from one of the basic postulates of parental acceptance-rejection theory: (1) To what extent is children's perceptions of parental indifference/neglect related to their psychological maladjustment? (2) To what extent is...

  • Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review: Triggering Agents of Parental Perception of Child's Vulnerability in Instances of Preterm Birth. Tallandini, Maria A.; Morsan, Valentina; Gronchi, Giorgio; Macagno, Franco // Journal of Pediatric Psychology;Jul2015, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p545 

    Objective Parental perception of a child vulnerability (PPCV) to illness, not justified by medically noticeable symptoms, is a situation well known to medical and paramedical staff. It is still disputed whether PPCV is triggered by the child's health problems or by parental emotional status....

  • Why do grownups go to work? Greenhalgh, Trisha // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);04/01/2000, Vol. 320 Issue 7239, p949 

    Focuses on the perception of children about their parents' job. Activities shared by parents which were valued more by their children; Their views on their parents' attitude towards work; How parents influence their children's perception of their work.

  • Priorities for Developmental Areas in Early Childhood Education: A Comparison of Parents' and Teachers' Priorities. SAÇKES, Mesut // Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice;Summer2013, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p1684 

    The purpose of this study was to examine parents' and early childhood teachers' perceptions of the priorities for developmental areas targeted in the Turkish Early Childhood Education Curriculum for children aged 36-72 months. The sample of this study consisted of 1600 parents and 158 early...

  • Congruence on child rearing in families with early adolescent and middle adolescent children. Lanz, Margherita; Scabini, Eugenia; Vermulst, Ad A.; Gerris, Jan R. M. // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Mar2001, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p133 

    This study investigates the extent to which parents' and adolescent's reports of parental child-rearing behaviour are in agreement with each other. The aim of this study is twofold. The first aim is to verify whether familial congruence (congruence between family members) about child rearing...

  • MOM, I WANT THAT!: THE EFFECTS OF PARENTAL STYLE, GENDER AND MATERIALISM ON CHILDREN'S CHOICE OF INFLUENCE STRATEGY. Manchanda, Rajesh V.; Moore-Shay, Elizabeth S. // AMA Winter Educators' Conference Proceedings;1996, Vol. 7, p81 

    Examines the impact of parental style, gender and materialism on children's strategy use. Assessment of parents' and children's perceptions; Gender differences in children's choice of influence strategies of which parents are unaware; Level of the lack of insight among parents of girls.

  • Parent involvement in children's acquisition of reading. Darling, Sharon; Westberg, Laura // Reading Teacher;May2004, Vol. 57 Issue 8, p774 

    Provides information on a meta-analysis study conducted by the U.S. National Center for Family Literacy to determine the effectiveness of parent involvement in children's reading acquisition. Definition of reading acquisition; Categories of questions that were addressed; Elements that should be...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics