Classification of Alcohol Use Disorders

Hasin, Deborah
March 2003
Alcohol Research & Health;2003, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p5
Academic Journal
Medical conditions and disorders must be carefully defined both for research and for clinical practice. The most widely used definitions for alcohol use disorders are those determined by editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the World Health Organization. Alcoholism treatment studies, human genetics studies, and epidemiology all rely on these definitions, which constitute a near-universal feature of research on alcoholism. Studies consistently show high reliability for DSM-IV and ICD-10 alcohol dependence but lower reliability for alcohol abuse/harmful use. Validity studies indicate that DSM-IV and ICD-10 alcohol dependence diagnoses have good validity, but the validity for alcohol abuse/harmful use is much lower. The hierarchical relationship of alcohol abuse to dependence may contribute to the reliability and validity problems of abuse, an issue likely to be addressed when work begins on DSM-V.


Related Articles

  • ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION, ABSTAINING, HEALTH UTILITY, AND QUALITY OF LIFE - A GENERAL POPULATION SURVEY IN FINLAND. Saarni, Samuli I.; Joutsenniemi, Kaisla; Koskinen, Seppo; Suvisaari, Jaana; Pirkola, Sami; Sintonen, Harri; Poikolainen, Karl; Lönnqvist, Jouko // Alcohol & Alcoholism;May/Jun2008, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p376 

    Aims: To examine the associations between alcohol consumption and utility-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL), subjective quality of life (QoL), self-rated health (SRH), and mental distress. Methods: Representative general population survey in Finland, with 5871 persons aged 30-64...

  • The Dry Drunkard.  // Time;10/9/1950, Vol. 56 Issue 15, p97 

    The article presents the views of Dwight Anderson on alcoholism as discussed in his book "The Other Side of the Bottle." Anderson himself was a victim of alcoholism, which was treated as an illness, rather than a crime. He suggests in his book that the cause of compulsive drinking can be tracked...

  • Familial Alcoholism in Anorexia Nervosa. Halmi, K. A.; Loney, J. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul73, Vol. 123 Issue 572, p53 

    The article presents a study on the relationship of familial alcoholism in anorexia nervosa. The study aims to relate the role of alcohol in the development of anorexia nervosa among family members. It also cited the conviction that alcohol and drugs may be used as substitutes or diversions for...

  • Readiness for change and treatment outcome among individuals with alcohol dependency. Hewes, Robert L.; Janikowski, Timothy P. // Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin;Sep98, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p76 

    Presents information on a study that assessed the stage of readiness for change of individuals with primary alcohol abuse problems. Methodology of the research; Implications for future research; Conclusion.

  • At 10 year follow up, brief interventions had no effect on harmful alcohol consumption. Wutzke, S.; Conigrave, K.; Saunders, J. // Evidence Based Mental Health;Feb2003, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p31 

    Assesses the long-term impact of brief interventions for harmful alcohol consumption. Description of intervention; Main outcome measures; Conclusion that brief interventions may be effective in the short term; Absence of evidence that advice and counseling without follow up reduces alcohol...

  • The responsible host. Picker, Lauren // Town & Country;Dec96, Vol. 150 Issue 5199, p174 

    Presents tips on how party hosts in the United States be attuned to guests struggling with drinking problems. Asking for alternative beverages; Making nonalcoholic drinks available; Drink to serve one hour before the end of the party; Reviews of books on the treatment of alcoholism.

  • ALCOHOLICS WELCOMED.  // Lesbian Tide;Jan/Feb80, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p21 

    This article reports that the Alcoholism Center for Women is providing non-residential and residential services for women having problems with alcoholism in Los Angeles, California.

  • Authors' Reply to Alain Braillon's Comment on "Safety and Tolerability of Pharmacological Treatment of Alcohol Dependence: Comprehensive Review of Evidence". Sinclair, Julia; Chambers, Sophia; Baldwin, David; Sinclair, Julia M A; Chambers, Sophia E; Baldwin, David S // Drug Safety;Nov2016, Vol. 39 Issue 11, p1153 

    A response from the author of the article "Safety and Tolerability of Pharmacological Treatment of Alcohol Dependence: Comprehensive Review of Evidence" in the 2016 issue is presented.

  • Assertive Community Treatment for alcohol dependence (ACTAD): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.  // Trials;2012, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p19 

    The article focuses on a randomised controlled trial conducted to test the feasibility of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT), a model of care based on assertive outreach, for alcoholics. Ninety alcohol dependent participants will be recruited from community addiction services. The primary...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics