TITLE

Talcott Parsons and the Phenomenological Tradition in Sociology: An Unresolved Debate

AUTHOR(S)
Jules-Rosette, Bennetta
PUB. DATE
October 1980
SOURCE
Human Studies;Oct80, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p311
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article discusses the contributions sociologist Talcott Parsons to the phenomenological tradition in sociology. From his early work in "The Structure of Social Action" in 1937 forward, he drew upon a phenomenological perspective in developing his action theory. The voluntaristic theory of action, his earliest systematic thinking, combined the individual's orientation to normative ideals with what he later termed the concept of internalized compliance. This process of compliance was elaborated through his subsequent applications of both Freudian theory and economic models of rationality to explain individual behavior. While distinct from phenomenological descriptions of motive, these rationalist paradigms included the actor's state of mind and subjective orientations as variables. His continued concern and misgivings about a phenomenological perspective in sociology are revealed by the 1974 retrospective comment. He contended that direct recording and analysis of empirical reality was impossible. All facts obtain their status through interpretation and are subject to further verification on the theoretical level. Hence, empirical knowledge is the basic resource for systematic theorizing.
ACCESSION #
11678373

 

Related Articles

  • THE TASK OF THE AMERICAN SOCIOLOGIST: AN AMENDED STATEMENT. Mayhew, Leon // American Sociologist;Aug74, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p99 

    With its next issue after August 1974, the journal "The American Sociologist" will begin its tenth year. The journal, as an independent publication, replaced and enlarged "The Profession: Reports and Opinion," a regular section of "The American Sociological Review" from 1958 to 1965. In the...

  • TALCOTT PARSONS, THE THEORY OF SOCIAL ACTION AND THE THEORY OF RATIONAL CHOICE. Netedu, Adrian // Scientific Annals of the 'Al. I. Cuza' University, Iasi. Sociolo;2010, Vol. 3, p55 

    The ancient debate about the role of action theory in foundation of the rational choice theory is current. Many sociologists continue to compare these two theories with a lot of arguments. In fact we can conclude that the work of T. Parsons remain in the core of sociological thinking even if...

  • Talcott Parsons - Zur Zukunft eines Theorieprogramms. Luhmann, Niklas // Zeitschrift für Soziologie;jan1980, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p5 

    No abstract available.

  • Rationalität bei Parsons. Stichweh, Rudolf // Zeitschrift für Soziologie;jan1980, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p54 

    No abstract available.

  • Handlung, Lebenswelt und System in der soziologischen Theoriebildung: Zur Kritik der Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns von Jürgen Habermas. Bohnen, Alfred // Zeitschrift für Soziologie;jul1984, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p191 

    One of the main themes in the discussion on the sociological work of Talcott Parsons concerns the relationship between action theory and system perspective in sociology. Recently Jürgen Habermas has proposed a solution to this problem, according to which the two perspectives are...

  • Sociology in Bloom.  // Time;10/29/1965, Vol. 86 Issue 18, p74 

    The article focuses on the increased demand of sociologist in the U.S. It states that more people became interested in psychoanalysis due to their increasing consciousness on the catastrophic changes in human society. It adds that the enrollment for social science courses both for undergraduate...

  • STRUKTUR UND FUNKTION. Talcott Parsons und die Entwicklung der soziologischen Theorie. Dahrendorf, Ralf // Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie & Sozialpsychologie;1955, Vol. 7, p491 

    The article discusses the roles of structure and function within the realm of social sciences, specifically focusing on systematic theory and the sociological theories of Talcott Parsons in this regard. Theories discussed include sociology as an experiential science and sociology as a systematic...

  • Doing the Intellectual Biography of Talcott Parsons. Gerhardt, Uta // American Sociologist;Dec2007, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p330 

    The article discusses the creation of an intellectual biography of the U.S. sociologist Talcott Parsons. The researcher discusses Parsons' doctoral dissertation dealing with capitalism that was analyzed by sociologist Max Weber, and how Parsons' work delivered sociology from social Darwinism at...

  • Some Remarks on Talcott Parsons's Family. Parsons, Charles // American Sociologist;Fall2004, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p4 

    This article presents information related to sociologist Talcott Parsons. It is no doubt very well known that Talcott Parsons was of New England ancestry. It may be less well known how pure this ancestry was. His father, Edward Smith Parsons (1863-1943), had a strong interest in genealogy and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics