Sullivan, Dennis
August 1982
Humanity & Society;Aug82, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p294
Academic Journal
This article focuses on the need and conditions for "mutual aid" in the moral community on the basis of social justice. It is believed that without mutual aid, as the basis for human relationships with each other, it cannot be hoped to develop a sense of justice that is grounded both in needs of the planet and in the needs of each one struggling to be unique individuals within a community of human values. By looking at the evolution of humankind and the animal kingdom, it was found that in almost universal fashion that to the extent to which mutual aid becomes an established custom in a group or community, that is, habitual, it leads to the parallel development of justice and morality. In order to understand how mutual aid is a necessary foundation for justice, the ascending series of "Mutual Aid-Justice-Morality" must be considered in relation to another ascending series of values, namely, "Individuality-Equality-Self -Sacrifice." If a justice is to be achieved, then there must have a continuing awareness of the unique needs of every person, group or society.


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