Schwartz, Martin D.; Ellison, Charles
August 1982
Humanity & Society;Aug82, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p267
Academic Journal
This article focuses on characteristics of the legal system in the U.S. and points on criminal sanctions for corporate misbehavior. According to the author, the most important political issues facing American society is the social control of major economic activity. This author seeks to examine the difficulties of controlling illegal behaviors of corporations which are believed as the most economic actors in the U.S. economy. In any discussion or analysis of corporate crime, a starting point must be a recognition that historically crime has been and is perceived as a mass of distinct individual acts. The American legal system has from its origins conceived violence in reference to the acts of individuals, excluding from this understanding the actions of groups, organizations, and all too often even the acts of individuals acting in organizational contexts. Organizations, private, governmental, non-profit, and voluntary, dominate life in the U.S. The problem of dealing with organizational acts which are illegal and which could be punished under the law is exacerbated by the growing dominance of bureaucratic organizations in American society.


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