Starr, Jerold M.
February 1987
Humanity & Society;Feb87, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
The article discusses the issue of the challenge of human sociology. In pre-industrial society, all knowledge was embedded within concrete relationships and common understandings. Meaning, truth, and morality were particular to a community. This mode gave way to bourgeois rationalism wherever industrial capitalism established itself. The method of rationalism is to abstract knowledge from its social context in order to subject it to a type of proof that can be demonstrated to everyone as universally valid. The prototype is mathematics. The growth of industrial capitalism has brought the increasing centralization of the state, monopolization of production, mechanization and specialization of labor, rise of bureaucratic administration, eclipse of community, and growth and concentration of population. The titanic struggle between monopoly capitalism and state socialism is divided principally along the lines of this artificial polarity of individual freedom and collective responsibility.


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