Review: Evidence is inconclusive about the role of lower-carbohydrate diets in weight loss in the outpatient setting

November 2003
ACP Journal Club;Nov/Dec2003, Vol. 139 Issue 3, p70
Academic Journal
This article discusses how effective are lower-vs higher-carbohydrate diets in adults in the outpatient setting. English-language studies were selected if they described adults who were not pregnant in the outpatient setting who used low-carbohydrate, ketogenic, higher-protein, or higher-fat diets consumed were reported. Studies were excluded if participants were confined to a research or diet center. 663 participants received lower-carbohydrate diets and 2605 participants received higher-carbohydrate diets. Among the random controlled trials, no differences were shown between 7 lower-carbohydrate diets with 132 participants and 75 higher-carbohydrate diets with 1122 participants for weight change or lipid or fasting serum glucose levels.


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