Kr�tki, Karol J.
June 1990
Canadian Studies in Population;1990, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p61
Academic Journal
The article focuses on the study "Politiques natalistes eruopeennes et politique familiale canadienne," by Georges Mathews. Most of the countries with fertility below replacement have taken steps against the process of dying out. Some have done so for many years; for example, Germany and France instigated population policies in the 1930s. Some of the steps are not population policies in the strictest sense. Many are based on requirements of social equity and are more appropriately labelled as "family policies." The family allowance programme introduced in Canada after World War II is an example. Mathews' study deals with two countries: France and East Germany. These two countries must have been chosen by the author to represent market economies and centrally planned economies, respectively the former being presumably more comparable to Canada than the latter. In both types of economies, many examples of population policies--explicit or implied in family policies--are used and have been well reported. A comparative study of these experiences is now possible; some attempts at such studies have already been made, ad numerous results are available in the literature.


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