TITLE

Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Southern Vietnam: Can Chloroquine or Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine Be Reintroduced in Combination with Artesunate?

AUTHOR(S)
Nguyen Mai Huong, Umberto; Davis, Timothy M. E.; Cox-Singh, Janet; Hewitt, Sean; Tran Quoc Toan, Sean; Tran Bach kim, Sean; Nguyen Thi Hanh, Sean; Vo Nhu Phuong, Sean; Doan Hanh Nhan, Sean; Le Dinh Cong, Sean
PUB. DATE
December 2003
SOURCE
Clinical Infectious Diseases;12/1/2003, Vol. 37 Issue 11, p1461
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The effectiveness of chloroquine or sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine administered with artesunate for treating uncomplicated falciparum malaria was assessed in 2 Vietnamese provinces where the sensitivity of parasites in vitro to conventional therapies had increased with the removal of drug pressure. In the province of Dac Lac, where potential malaria exposure begins at birth, 57 subjects (mean age, 9.6 years) were randomized to receive artesunate-chloroquine (group 1) or artesunate-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (group 2). In the province of Binh Phuoc, 66 nonimmune workers and their relatives (mean age, 24.2 years) were similarly randomized. By day 28 of follow-up, >96% of Dac Lac patients and <52% of Binh Phuoc patients in group 1 and group 2 had an in vivo response that demonstrated sensitivity to therapy. PCR-confirmed cure rates paralleled in vivo results among patients in Binh Phuoc, but PCR results identified 9 (15.7%) of the Dac Lac patients as having experienced asymptomatic, submicroscopic recrudescences. In Dac Lac, pfcrt K76T was near fixation, but infection with parasites with this mutation predicted recrudescence among group 1 patients in Binh Phuoc. Common pfdhfr mutations did not predict outcome in group 2. The successful reintroduction of conventional therapies in combination with artesunate depends on epidemiological and/or parasitological factors.
ACCESSION #
11472243

 

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