Ion beam-induced anisotropic plastic deformation at 300 keV

van Dillen, T.; Polman, A.; van Kats, C. M.; van Blaaderen, A.
November 2003
Applied Physics Letters;11/24/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 21, p4315
Academic Journal
Contrary to earlier predictions, ion irradiation at energies as low as 300 keV causes dramatic anisotropic plastic deformation of silica glass. Spherical colloidal silica particles with diameters of 125, 305, and 1030 nm were irradiated with Xe ions at energies in the range 0.3–4.0 MeV at temperatures between 85 and 380 K. Irradiation-induced anisotropic plastic deformation changes the colloid shape from spherical into oblate ellipsoidal at a rate that strongly increases with ion energy. At a fixed fluence, the transverse diameter increases with electronic energy loss. Even at an energy as low as 300 keV large particle anisotropy was found (size aspect ratio of 1.43 at 1×10[sup 15] cm[sup -2]). The transverse plastic strain gradually decreases with increasing irradiation temperature: it decreases by a factor 4.5 between 85 and 380 K. The data are in agreement with a viscoelastic thermal spike model for anisotropic deformation. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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