Chemical gating of In[sub 2]O[sub 3] nanowires by organic and biomolecules

Chao Li; Bo Lei, Ken-ichi; Daihua Zhang; Xiaolei Liu; Song Han; Tao Tang; Rouhanizadeh, Mahsa; Tzung Hsiai, Mahsa; Chongwu Zhou
November 2003
Applied Physics Letters;11/10/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 19, p4014
Academic Journal
In[sub 2]O[sub 3] nanowire transistors were used to investigate the chemical gating effect of organic molecules and biomolecules with amino or nitro groups. The nanowire conductance changed dramatically after adsorption of these molecules. Specifically, amino groups in organic molecules such as butylamine, donated electrons to In[sub 2]O[sub 3] nanowires and thus led to enhanced carrier concentrations and conductance, whereas molecules with nitro groups such as butyl nitrite made In[sub 2]O[sub 3] nanowires less conductive by withdrawing electrons. In addition, intrananowire junctions created by partial exposure of the nanowire device to butyl nitrite were investigated, and pronounced rectifying current–voltage characteristics were obtained. Furthermore, chemical gating by low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the offending agent in coronary heart diseases, was also observed and attributed to the amino groups carried by the bio species. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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