Women, Violence, and HIV: A Critical Evaluation with Implications for HIV Services

Koenig, Linda J.; Moore, Jan
June 2000
Maternal & Child Health Journal;Jun2000, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p103
Academic Journal
Objective : Violence is highly prevalent among women with HIV. Determining whether HIV is causally related to violence, and whether risk for violence is increased by certain HIV prevention practices, has been difficult. Methods : We review recent literature concerning (1) violence and HIV serostatus, including the risk for violence associated with disclosure of a positive serostatus, and (2) violence associated with requests that male sex partners use condoms. Results : Studies suggest that women with or at risk for HIV come from populations that are also at risk for violence. Violence is not statistically increased among HIV-infected women compared to demographically and behaviorally similar uninfected women. However, for a small proportion of women, violence may occur around disclosure or in response to condom negotiation. Conclusions: Integrating violence screening and referral into HIV services could help many women obtain the assistance they need while minimizing the risk for violence that may be associated with partner notification or condom requests.


Related Articles

  • Bulletin Board.  // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Nov2004, Vol. 13 Issue 9, p959 

    This is a roundup of news and announcements pertaining to women's health. The U.S. National Institutes of Health's Public Health Service Task Force has updated its recommendations for use of antiretroviral drugs in pregnant HIV-1-infected women for maternal health and interventions to reduce...

  • Cervical dyskaryosis among women with and without HIV: prevalence and risk factors. Mbizvo, E. M.; Msuya, S. E.; Stray-Pedersen, B.; Chirenje, M. Z.; Hussain, A. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Dec2005, Vol. 16 Issue 12, p789 

    Women in developing countries often present for medical care with advanced cervical cancer, although this condition is preventable through regular screening and early treatment. This study sought to identify the prevalence and risk factors for cervical dyskaryosis among women in Zimbabwe with...

  • Community Gate Keepers' Awareness and Perception of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Services in Ibadan, Nigeria. Arulogun, Oyedunni S.; Adewole, Isaac F.; Olayinka-Alli, Lynda; Adesina, A. Olubukola // African Journal of Reproductive Health;Apr2007, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p67 

    Each year, around half a million children aged under 15 become infected with HIV and more than 90% are the result of mother-to-child transmission. Services to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) are therefore important entry points for HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care...

  • Continuity of Medical Care and Risk of Incarceration in HIV-Positive and High-Risk HIV-Negative Women. Sheu, Mary; Hogan, Joseph; Allsworth, Jenifer; Stein, Michael; Vlahov, David; Schoenbaum, Ellie E.; Schuman, Paula; Gardner, Lytt; Flanigan, Timothy // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Oct2002, Vol. 11 Issue 8, p743 

    Objectives: Incarceration rates in the United States have tripled over the past two decades and have increased even more rapidly among women than men. To identify risk factors that predict incarceration in HIV-positive (HIV+.) and high-risk HIV-negative (HIV-) women and to evaluate the...

  • Meeting Primary Oral Health Care Needs of HIV-Infected Women. Zabos, Georgina P. // American Journal of Public Health;Jun99, Vol. 89 Issue 6, p818 

    This article reflects on a study on the challenges to dental care among women with HIV infections. The study offers information from the mid-1990s in northern California, before highly active retroviral treatment became widely available. Most participants in the study were asymptomatic...

  • Care of Women Infected With the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Minkoff, Howard L.; DeHovitz, Jack A. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;10/23/91-10/30/91, Vol. 266 Issue 16, p2253 

    Surveys available knowledge as of 1991 regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women and derives standards of care from that data. Gynecological care; Contraception; Nongynecologic opportunistic infections; Drug therapy; Obstetrical care; Social issues; Limited knowledge...

  • Impact of Service Delivery Model on Health Care Access among HIV-Positive Women in New York City. Pillai, Nandini V.; Kupprat, Sandra A.; Halkitis, Perry N. // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Jan2009, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p51 

    As the New York City HIV/AIDS epidemic began generalizing beyond traditionally high-risk groups in the early 1990s, AIDS Service Organizations (ASO) sought to increase access to medical care and broaden service offerings to incorporate the needs of low-income women and their families. Strategies...

  • HIV Health Care Access Issues for Women Living with HIV, Mental Illness, and Substance Abuse. Andersen, Marcia; Tinsley, Jannie; Milfort, Dollie; Wilcox, Robert; Smereck, Geoffrey; Pfoutz, Susan; Creech, Steve; Mood, Darlene; Smith, Teresa; Adams, Latonia; Thomas, Richard; Connelly, Christopher // AIDS Patient Care & STDs;Jul2005, Vol. 19 Issue 7, p449 

    Nurses at the Well-Being Institute, a community-based nursing outreach clinic in Detroit, Michigan, located 75 women living with HIV, mental illness, and substance abuse who were lost to follow-up at their HIV medical clinic as part of a nursing research study. Women who had been scheduled for...

  • Gender and the Use of Antiretroviral Treatment in Resource-Constrained Settings: Findings from a Multicenter Collaboration. Braitstein, Paula; Boulle, Andrew; Nash, Denis; Brinkhof, Martin W.G.; Dabis, Fran├žois; Laurent, Christian; Schechter, Mauro; Tuboi, Suely H.; Sprinz, Eduardo; Miotti, Paolo; Hosseinipour, Mina; May, Margaret; Egger, Matthias; Bangsberg, David R.; Low, Nicola // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Jan2008, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p47 

    Aims: To compare the gender distribution of HIV-infected adults receiving highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) in resource-constrained settings with estimates of the gender distribution of HIV infection; to describe the clinical characteristics of women and men receiving HAART....


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics