TITLE

Depression, Disease Severity, and Sickle Cell Disease

AUTHOR(S)
Schaeffer, Jennifer J. Wilson; Gil, Karen M.; Burchinal, Margaret; Kramer, Kathryn D.; Nash, Kermit B.; Orringer, Eugene; Strayhorn, Dell
PUB. DATE
April 1999
SOURCE
Journal of Behavioral Medicine;Apr1999, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p115
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present study examined depressive symptomatology in 440 adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). Participants completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) as part of their yearly routine visits to the Duke University-University of North Carolina Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center. They also completed questions regarding demographics, disease severity, pain, and health care use. Data analyses revealed that the percentage of patients with SCD exhibiting significant depressive symptomatology dropped from 43 to 18% when a more stringent cutoff was used on the CES-D, suggesting that future studies should determine the most valid cutoff score for identifying depression in patients with SCD. Gender and family income were positively and significantly associated with depressive symptomatology. Also, patients who reported more frequent painful episodes were more likely to report depressive symptoms. Implications for assessment and treatment of depression in adults with SCD are discussed.
ACCESSION #
11306856

 

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