TITLE

JUGOSLOVANSKI FEDERALIZEM IN MEDREPUBLIÅ KE MEJE V PRVIH LETIH PO DRUGI SVETOVNI VOJNI

AUTHOR(S)
REŽEK, Mateja
PUB. DATE
December 2015
SOURCE
Acta Histriae;Dec2015, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p433
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Internal territorial division is one of the most sensitive issues for any federal state, especially those with multi-national structure. However, borders between Yugoslav republics were not regulated by law and formally approved at the highest state level: in this case, in Yugoslav federal assembly. The archives of top-level federal bodies contain no documents that might serve as the basis for the originally drawn internal borders. Only the basic principles of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY) and state authorities concerning the federal system can be discerned. Namely, perception of inter-republic borders in the post-war Yugoslav federation was closely intertwined with the views of the CPY on federalism and national question. Due to a lack of historical sources the principles and methods of drawing interrepublic borders can only be deduced from the context provided by the period in which the demarcation was done. How the demarcation was made public and how it was received implies that the decision had been taken by the very narrow top political elite before the Constitution was adopted in January 1946. However, not even the documents of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPY contain any tangible reference to this decision-making. Similarly, historical sources do not contain any reference to the state-party elite founding any committee entrusted with territorial division among the republics, with the exception of the commission for demarcation between Vojvodina and Croatia in mid-1945. It is possible that the Politburo was not taking these decisions, the documents might have been lost or else the top Party members deliberately left behind no trace - but here, at least for the war and the fi rst post-war years, the illegal operation of the Party must also be taken into consideration. On the other hand, Yugoslav leaders had a completely diff erent attitude towards the state's external borders: they were in the focus of their attention, and solving possible problems with internal borders was obviously postponed to a later time. Although there was hardly any discussion regarding the internal borders at the federal level, and no relevant legal act was adopted, it can nevertheless be ascertained that the demarcations between the six republics generally followed ethnic borders and, in the case of particularly ethnically mixed Bosnia and Herzegovina, older state or historical borders. Only certain sections of the inter-republic borders can be claimed to had been drawn "administratively", namely in the south-eastern part of the Yugoslav federation, particularly the Serbian-Macedonian and the Serbian-Montenegrin borders, and partly in the case of the most recent border in the north-west of the state: the Slovenian-Croatian border in Istria. The question why the Yugoslav political elite never prepared a formal document legally defining the borders between the federal units can only be answered in the context of time. Absence of the debate regarding internal territorial division and related legal acts was primarily due to the fear of rekindling inter-national tensions immediately after the war, and to the Party's attitude towards federalism and the national question. During the fi rst post-war decade the Yugoslav leaders hardly ever raised the national question, partly because they believed that the question had been solved once and for all by the revolution and formation of the federal state, and partly because they feared they might incite inter-national conflicts; furthermore, they were at the time strongly captivated by labour internationalism. Revolution or class liberation was supposed to be the precondition, and formation of the federation the fi nal solution for the national question in Yugoslavia. In order to smooth over the inter-national frictions, Yugoslav communists adopted the principle of brotherhood and unity, and in the mid-1950's started promoting the so-called "Yugoslavianism" aimed at forming Yugoslav (trans)national awareness.
ACCESSION #
112833456

 

Related Articles

  • Reviews. Young, Deborah // Variety;2/20/95, Vol. 358 Issue 3, p88 

    Reviews the motion picture `Tito Among the Serbs a Second Time,' (Tito Po Drugi Put Medu Srbima) directed by Zelimir Zilnik.

  • Lavrentii Beriia. 1953. Stenogramma iiul'skogo plenuma TsK KPSS i drugie dokumenty (Book). Botebloem, Kees // Canadian Slavonic Papers;Mar-Jun2003, Vol. 45 Issue 1/2, p242 

    Reviews the book "Lavrentii Beriia. 1953. Stenogramma iiul'skogo plenuma TsK KPSS i drugie dokumenty," edited by V. Naumov and Iu. Sigachev.

  • Powell and the art of PoV. Nottingham, Simon Goldman // Televisual;Feb2003, p15 

    Reviews the television program 'PoV.'

  • THE ARTICLE ON THE PERFORMANCE THE PERFORMANCE HAS BEEN CANCELLED DUE TO CONCEPTUAL REASONS HAS BEEN CANCELLED DUE TO CONCEPTUAL REASONS. Čičigoj, Katja // Maska;Mar2013, Vol. 28 Issue 153/154, p106 

    The article addresses the questions of artistic hyper-production and anti-production through a theoretical and political contextualisation of the performance entitled The Performance is Cancelled Due to Conceptual Reasons. To this purpose, the article itself is cancelled due to conceptual...

  • Inostranka/Predstavlenie i drugie rasskazy. Karriker, Alexandra Heidi // World Literature Today;Winter89, Vol. 63 Issue 1, p124 

    Reviews two books by Sergei Dovlatov. "Inostraka"; "Predstavlenie i drugie rasskazy."

  • IPEVO Intros PoV. Johnston, Lisa // TWICE: This Week in Consumer Electronics;7/21/2008, Vol. 23 Issue 15, p54 

    The article features the PoV Web cam from IPEVO.

  • Pod steklom (Book). Dmitriev, Victor; Filips-Juswigg, Katherina // World Literature Today;Winter2002, Vol. 76 Issue 1, p209 

    Reviews the book 'Pod steklom: Stikhi I drugie sochineiia, 1973-2000,' by Viktor Fet.

  • The Echo of the First Recordings. Atkinson, David // Folk Music Journal;2007, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p281 

    The article reviews the music release "Odmev prvih zapisov (The Echo of the First Recordings)," by Juro Adlesic, Béla Vikár and Evgenia Lineva.

  • THE COVER. Southgate, M. Therese // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;10/5/2005, Vol. 294 Issue 13, p1591 

    Focuses on Twins Seven Seven, whose official name is Prince Taiwo Olaniyi Oyewale-Toyeje Oyekale Osuntoki. Biographical information on the artist, who was born in Ibadan and has become the most famous representative of the Nigerian Oshogbo school of painting; The meaning of his name, Ibeji Meje...

  • LUXOTTICA: PERSOL CLIP-ON SHADES COLLECTION.  // 20/20;Sep2011, Vol. 38 Issue 10, p141 

    The article offers brief information on the PO 3007V sunglasses from Luxottica's Persol Clip-On Shades Collection.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics