End-Expiratory Volume and Oxygenation: Targeting PEEP in ARDS Patients

Casserly, Brian; McCool, F.; Saunders, Jean; Selvakumar, Narendran; Levy, Mitchell
February 2016
Lung;Feb2016, Vol. 194 Issue 1, p35
Academic Journal
Introduction: Changes in end-expiratory lung volume (∆EELV) in response to changes in PEEP (∆PEEP) have not been reported in mechanically ventilated patients with ARDS. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of measurements of ∆EELV in determining optimal PEEP in ARDS patients. Methods: Nine patients with ARDS were prospectively recruited. ∆EELV was measured using magnetometers during serial decremental PEEP trials. Changes in PaO (∆PaO) were simultaneously measured. Static respiratory system compliance (C), ∆PaO/∆PEEP, and ∆EELV/∆PEEP were calculated at each level of PEEP. Results: For the group, ∆EELV decreased by 1.09 ± 0.13 L (mean ± SD) as PEEP was reduced from 20 to 0 cm HO with the greatest changes in ∆EELV occurring over the mid range of the decremental PEEP curve. Optimal values for C, ∆EELV/∆PEEP, and ∆PaO/∆PEEP could be identified for each patient and occurred at PEEP levels ranging from 10 to 17.5 cm HO. There was a significant correlation ( r = 0.712, p = 0.047) between ∆PaO/∆PEEP and ∆EELV/∆PEEP. Conclusions: ∆EELV can be measured from a decremental PEEP curve. Since ∆EELV is highly correlated with ∆PaO, measures of ∆PaO/∆PEEP may provide a surrogate for measures of ∆EELV/∆PEEP. Combining measures of ∆EELV/∆PEEP with measures of C may provide a novel means of determining optimal PEEP in patients with ARDS.


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