TITLE

GENDERED DETERMINANTS OF HIV CONTAGION IN INDIA

AUTHOR(S)
Chaudhuri, Tanni; Yang, Philip
PUB. DATE
September 2015
SOURCE
International Review of Modern Sociology;Autumn2015, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p151
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
AIDS is a growing problem in India, and women constitute a significant percentage (37 percent) of Indians living with HIV. With the established prevalence of a gendered transit to HIV infection, this paper examines two research questions: (1) How does gender intersect with other variables to influence HIV infection? (2) What are the similarities and differences between men and women in determinants of HIV contagion in India? The data for this study come from the 2005-06 National Family Health Survey-3 (a nationally representative sample consisting of approximately 198,754 respondents representing all states and regions of India). Logistic regression with interaction terms is used as the method of analysis. Findings from the study suggest that gender interacts with age, marital status (divorced and widowed), number of sex partners and AIDS awareness in impacting HIV differently for men and women. Further, there are some distinct similarities and differences between men and women in how HIV is contracted. Among both the regional variations of the South and the West, being divorced and literacy level significantly predict HIV. Among women age, residence, work status, scheduled tribe/caste origins, number of sex partners and HIV awareness are supplementary conduits to HIV infection.
ACCESSION #
112711950

 

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