Enhanced Dissipation and Inviscid Damping in the Inviscid Limit of the Navier-Stokes Equations Near the Two Dimensional Couette Flow

Bedrossian, Jacob; Masmoudi, Nader; Vicol, Vlad
March 2016
Archive for Rational Mechanics & Analysis;Mar2016, Vol. 219 Issue 3, p1087
Academic Journal
In this work we study the long time inviscid limit of the two dimensional Navier-Stokes equations near the periodic Couette flow. In particular, we confirm at the nonlinear level the qualitative behavior predicted by Kelvin's 1887 linear analysis. At high Reynolds number Re, we prove that the solution behaves qualitatively like two dimensional Euler for times $${{t \lesssim Re^{1/3}}}$$ , and in particular exhibits inviscid damping (for example the vorticity weakly approaches a shear flow). For times $${{t \gtrsim Re^{1/3}}}$$ , which is sooner than the natural dissipative time scale O( Re), the viscosity becomes dominant and the streamwise dependence of the vorticity is rapidly eliminated by an enhanced dissipation effect. Afterwards, the remaining shear flow decays on very long time scales $${{t \gtrsim Re}}$$ back to the Couette flow. When properly defined, the dissipative length-scale in this setting is $${{\ell_D \sim Re^{-1/3}}}$$ , larger than the scale $${{\ell_D \sim Re^{-1/2}}}$$ predicted in classical Batchelor-Kraichnan two dimensional turbulence theory. The class of initial data we study is the sum of a sufficiently smooth function and a small (with respect to Re) L function.


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