TITLE

Intron sequence of the taurocyamine kinase gene as a marker to investigate genetic variation of Paragonimus species in Japan and the origins of triploidy in P. westermani

AUTHOR(S)
Saijuntha, Weerachai; Tantrawatpan, Chairat; Jarilla, Blanca R.; Agatsuma, Takeshi; Andrews, Ross H.; Petney, Trevor N.
PUB. DATE
January 2016
SOURCE
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene;Jan2016, Vol. 110 Issue 1, p67
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Paragonimiasis is a foodborne parasitic infection caused by lung flukes of the genus Paragonimus. Several species of Paragonimus are endemic in Japan: P. westermani (diploid and triploid) P. miyazakii, P. ohirai and P. iloktsuenensis. The taxonomic status and genetic variability of these lung flukes remains poorly understood. Methods: The second intron of domain 1 of the taurocyamine kinase gene (TKD1int2) region was used to explore genetic variation and differentiation of diploid and triploid P. westermani, as well as P. miyazakii, P. ohirai and P. iloktsuenensis originating from Japan. Results:We found high levels of intraspecific variation in P. westermani, but only low levels of variation within the other species studied. Haplotype network and phylogenetic tree analyses demonstrated the sister-group relationship of P. ohirai and P. iloktsuenensis and the phylogenetically distant relationship of P. westermani with the other species. All individuals except for triploid P. westermani were homozygous. Each triploid contained at least one allele similar to that seen in most diploids from Chiba and one allele resembling that seen in diploids from Oita. One triploid contained three different sequences. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that the TKD1int2 region is a suitable marker for use in studying the genetic variation and phylogenetics of Paragonimus species, as well as providing clues to the origins of triploidy in P. westermani.
ACCESSION #
112188658

 

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