TITLE

AN EVALUATION OF CHILDREN'S WEB PAGES IN PUBLIC LIBRARY WEBSITES IN JAPAN IN COMPARISON WITH THOSE IN THE U.S.A. FROM A VIEWPOINT OF INFORMATION LITERACY EDUCATION

AUTHOR(S)
Kanazawa, Midori
PUB. DATE
April 2015
SOURCE
Journal of Education Research;2015, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p177
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Information literacy is necessary so that people can continue lifelong learning. It is recognized that basic library skills and IT (Information Technology) skills are the foundations of information literacy competences. Especially for children, who are novices in library use, it is essential to understand how to use library and how to obtain sufficient knowledge through library materials and information resources on the Internet. Therefore, children's services in public libraries are extremely significant because these help to instill library use habits in the beginnings, and play an important role in preparing a good reading environment and information literacy education for children. Moreover, children's web pages in public library websites are convenient to provide children reading advice and information literacy education, even if they are non-visiting library users. It is thought that appropriate web contents are required to create high-quality web pages for children for the purpose of providing reading advice and information literacy education in public library websites. This study is based on the investigation concerning the types of information and contents on children's web pages including Web-OPACs for children in Japanese public library websites. We analyze the result of this investigation, with respect to library use education and information literacy education, in comparison with the result of our investigation concerning children's web pages in public library websites in the U. S. A. It is shown that children's web pages in Japan, in general, place more emphasis on providing guidance on library services and on the use of information resources for reference services. On the other hand, it is indicated that children's web pages in the U. S. A. generally maintain the balance among guidance on library services, information resources for reference services, instruction support for children, and research support for adults responsible for children. In the present investigation, the Contents Model for children's web pages, namely the IRIR (Information Reference Instructional Research) Contents Model, is proposed, concerning public library websites. Moreover, it is considered that children's Web-OPACs in the U. S. A. place a special emphasis on the novices at information retrieval rather than advanced learners, whereas it seems that children's Web-OPACs in Japan provide a variety of functions for information literacy education from beginners to advanced learners.
ACCESSION #
112166226

 

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