TITLE

Influence of asthma level control on physical, mental and social status of children suffering from asthma

AUTHOR(S)
Dizdar, Selma; Mišanović, Verica; Tafro, Danina; Jonuzi, Asmir
PUB. DATE
April 2015
SOURCE
Medical Journal;Apr-Jun2015, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p135
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Asthma is the most common chronic, inflammatory disorder in children. Generally speaking asthma has a direct influence on the functional lung component by limiting its values, expiratory peak flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) Inadequate asthma treatment results in reducing lung function values which influence physical, social and emotional status of the patient. The study included 212 patients over 6 years of age, who diagnosed with asthma have been treated through pulmonary rehabilitation program within the Clinic of Pediatrics of the Clinical Center University of Sarajevo (CCUS). Based on the results of spirometry measurements, asthma control test (ACT) and clinical assessment the patients were classified by asthma level. 28% of patients were placed in a group of optimal asthma control (n=60), 51% (n=108) of patients in a group of good asthma control and 21% (n=44) of patients in a group of non-controlled asthma. The obtained results were compared with the results of the specially created questionnaires related to assay of physical abilities, and psychological and social status of patients. The questionnaires related to psychological and social status were prepared with the assistance of a Psychologist. The Kruskal-Wallis test and the Spearman correlation coefficient p were used for examination of correlation of classified asthma control category and the assessment of physical, psychological and social status. The largest correlation was established between the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and physical abilities (p= 0.595; p< 0.01), somewhat smaller correlation was established between FEV1 and physical status (p= 0.343; p<0.01), and the lowest correlation was registered between FEV1 and social status (p=0.166; p<0.01). Based on the conducted analysis we can conclude that asthma control level is closely connected with the reduced physical abilities and worse psychological and social status of patients.
ACCESSION #
111333032

 

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