Concomitant evaluation of atmospheric levels of polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Strasbourg (France) using pine needle passive samplers

Dine, Enaam; Mokbel, Haifaa; Elmoll, Ahmad; Massemin, Sylvie; Vuilleumier, Stéphane; Toufaily, Joumana; Hanieh, Tayssir; Millet, Maurice
November 2015
Environmental Science & Pollution Research;Nov2015, Vol. 22 Issue 22, p17850
Academic Journal
In this study, pine needles were used as cost-effective and reliable passive bio-monitors to concomitantly evaluate atmospheric concentrations of three classes of persistent organic pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The extraction of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from needle samples was performed. Eleven PCBs, 11 OCPs, and 15 PAHs were detected and followed through time in needle samples from three sites in the Strasbourg region. The urban and rural sites were more exposed to PCBs than the suburban site. The highest concentration of PCBs was found at the urban site, but the largest number of congeners (10) was detected at the rural site. PCB 189 and 156 were the predominant congeners in the rural site and PCB 70 in the urban site. For OCPs, the rural site displayed the highest concentrations (up to 22.9 ng g) and number of compounds investigated (9). The high concentration of γ- and β-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) at that time in the urban site was the reason for this result. γ- and β-HCH were the two predominant compounds in all samples. The suburban and urban sites were the most exposed with PAHs with pyrene, phenanthrene, and acenaphthene being the three predominant compounds in these sites. No specific trend in terms of time was apparent for PCBs and OCPs. However, higher concentrations were detected for some compounds in the first sampling, especially for PAHs, and this is attributed to variations in meteorological conditions (e.g., temperature, wind, rain) and variable inputs from both identified and unidentified sources.


Related Articles

  • Contaminantes orgánicos persistentes en plasma de tortugas bobas (Caretta caretta) varadas en las Islas Canarias. Camacho, M.; Luzardo, O. P.; Orós, J.; Calabuig, P.; Zumbado, M.; Pinós, J.; González, M. Almeida; Ruiz-Suárez, N.; Rodríguez-Hernández, A.; Sangil-Monroy, M.; Henríquez-Hernández, L. A.; L. D., Boada // Revista de Toxicologia;2012, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p45 

    Plasma leves of persistent organic pollutans in loggerhead sea turtles (caretta caretta) stranded in the Canary Islands. This study assessed the degree of contamination by persistent organic pollutants (POPs) present in 193 specimens of loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) stranded in the Canary...

  • Occurrence of POPs in sediments and tissues of European eels (Anguilla anguilla L.) from two Italian lagoons: Varano and Orbetello. Renzi, M.; Mariottini, M.; Specchiulli, A.; Perra, G.; Guerranti, C.; Giovani, A.; Focardi, S. E. // Transitional Waters Bulletin;Jul2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p72 

    1 - Total levels of persistent organic pollutants (polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) in sediments and edible tissues (muscle and liver) from a fish species of great local commercial interest (Anguilla anguilla L., yellow phase) were...

  • Analysing multi-class Persistent Organic Pollutants (OCPs, PCBs, PBDEs, and PAHs) in food matrices in a single injection by APGC-MS/MS. Rousseau, Marie-Eve; Fortier, Serge; Gagnon, Luc; McCall, Eimear; Roberts, Dominic; Dunstan, Jody // Food Engineering & Ingredients;Sep/Oct2014, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p32 

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) include four classes of globally regulated POPs: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Traditional GC-Ms and MS/MS techniques by electron impact...


    By using sewage sludge for fertilization purposes it is possible to reduce amounts of mineral fertilizers used, to recycle biogenic substances in terrestrial ecosystems and to limit the costs of running plantations of energy crops. The objective of our study has been to assess the influence of...

  • Investigating the temporal trends in PAH, PCB and OCP concentrations in Hartbeespoort Dam, South Africa, using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs). Amdany, Robert; Chimuka, Luke; Cukrowska, Ewa; Kukučka, Petr; Kohoutek, Jiří; Vrana, Branislav // Water SA;Jul2014, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p425 

    The seasonal variability of persistent organic pollutants in Hartbeespoort Dam, South Africa, was investigated using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) as passive samplers. Freely dissolved waterborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and...

  • Compositional fractionation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the karst soils, South China. Wang, Yinghui; Xue, Rui; Li, Jie; Zhu, Hongxiang; Xu, Yiyin; Xue, Baoming; Qi, Shihua; Yuan, Daoxian; Theodore, Oramah // Environmental Earth Sciences;Aug2012, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p2013 

    This study aims to explore the condensation and fractionation trends of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the karst soils. The tiankeng is a karst surface expression that can act as a focal point for introduction of contaminants to a karst aquifer, which may serve both as condenser for...

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Contamination in the Surroundings of Municipal Landfill in Lithuania. KatkevičIūtė, Jolita; Bergqvist, Per-Anders; Kauneliene, Violeta // Environmental Research, Engineering & Management;2006, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p29 

    The investigation was carried out in the municipal solid waste landfill in Kaunas, Lithuania. Two streams in the surroundings of the landfill were sampled during the research. POP levels were investigated in the landfill leachate, surface waters and in sediments during autumn 2003. To estimate...

  • Organic Pollutants in Areas Impacted by Flooding in 2002: A 4-Year Survey. Pulkrabová, J.; Suchanová, M.; Tomaniová, M.; Kocourek, V.; Hajšlová, J. // Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology;Sep2008, Vol. 81 Issue 3, p299 

    This paper summarizes a 4-year survey focused on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and halogenated persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in river sediments, soil and crops collected in the locality impacted by catastrophic floods that occurred in the western part of Bohemia in August 2002....

  • The effect of size and sex on PCB and PAH concentrations in crab Portunus pelagicus. Abdolahpur Monikh, Fazel; Hosseini, Mehdi; Rahmanpour, Shirin // Environmental Monitoring & Assessment;Mar2014, Vol. 186 Issue 3, p1575 

    Polychlorinated biphenyl and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in the hepatopancreas of blue swimming crab ( Portunus pelagicus) from the north Persian Gulf were measured. In addition, the relationships between crab size (carapace width) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics