Validity and Reliability of Visual Analog Scaling for Assessment of Hypernasality and Audible Nasal Emission in Children With Repaired Cleft Palate

Baylis, Adriane; Chapman, Kathy; Whitehill, Tara L.
November 2015
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal;Nov2015, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p660
Academic Journal
Objective: To investigate the validity and reliability of multiple listener judgments of hypernasality and audible nasal emission, in children with repaired cleft palate, using visual analog scaling (VAS) and equal-appearing interval (EAI) scaling. Design: Prospective comparative study of multiple listener ratings of hypernasality and audible nasal emission. Setting: Multisite institutional. Participants: Five trained and experienced speech-language pathologist listeners from the Americleft Speech Project. Measures: Average VAS and EAI ratings of hypernasality and audible nasal emission/ turbulence for 12 video-recorded speech samples from the Americleft Speech Project. Intrarater and interrater reliability was computed, as well as linear and polynomial models of best fit. Results: Intrarater and interrater reliability was acceptable for both rating methods; however, reliability was higher for VAS as compared to EAI ratings. When VAS ratings were plotted against EAI ratings, results revealed a stronger curvilinear relationship. Conclusions: The results of this study provide additional evidence that alternate rating methods such as VAS may offer improved validity and reliability over EAI ratings of speech. VAS should be considered a viable method for rating hypernasality and nasal emission in speech in children with repaired cleft palate.


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