Chapter 3: A Comparison of High and Low Performing Secondary Physical Education Programs

Castelli, Darla; Rink, Judith
October 2003
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Oct2003, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p512
Academic Journal
The development of national academic standards, assessment programs for those standards and accountability for achievement of those standards are a current focus of educational reform. Student achievement of the standards is considered an indirect measure of school and teacher effectiveness: the higher the percent of students who meet the standards, the more effective the schools. The reform effort in South Carolina is heavily based on the establishment of standards, the assessment of student achievement of those standards and public reporting of student and school achievement of those standards. Standards based reform emphasizes establishing a minimum standard of learning for every student. States have used an adaptation or adoption of national standards to classify what basic competencies should be expected of students. Accountability programs for student achievement of the standards seek to apply external pressure to produce student learning.


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