Chapter 1: Developing and Implementing a State Assessment Program

Rink, Judith; Williams, Lori
October 2003
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Oct2003, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p473
Academic Journal
School reform efforts come and go with cyclic frequency. The short lifespan of reform is apparent whether talking about comprehensive school reform efforts that are designed to make wide scale change across schools or less ambitious efforts limited to districts or individual schools. The legislation called Goals 2000: Educate America Act by the U.S. Congress in 1994, outlined a comprehensive effort to fix schools in the U.S. The uniqueness of the Act was its comprehensiveness. The Act was one of the first national efforts at comprehensive school reform to take a systemic approach to producing change in schools. Built into the legislation was an attempt to address multiple initiatives including parent involvement in schools, technology, student opportunity to learn, and teacher development. Additional initiatives included the development of curricular content standards and the assessment of those standards. A systemic approach acknowledges the complexity of school change and attempts to work with the entire system to institutionalize change. The current standards, assessment and accountability initiatives as of October 2003, in many states have roots in this initial national legislation and in efforts to describe effective schools.


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