Rural/Urban Welfare Program and Labor Force Participation

Kilkenny, Maureen; Huffman, Sonya Kostova
November 2003
American Journal of Agricultural Economics;Nov2003, Vol. 85 Issue 4, p914
Academic Journal
Nonmetro poor in the Midwest participate more in the labor force and less in welfare programs than metro poor. We formalize how household composition, capital, labor market conditions, and state-specific regulations define opportunity sets, then estimate a bivariate binomial probit model of work and program participation choices. An decomposition analysis is conducted to compare differences in characteristics to differences in behavior in explaining the two groups' choices. We find no behavioral basis for the difference in labor market participation. And while most of the lower Midwestern nonmetro welfare program participation is due to demographics, some is due to different life-cycle behavior.


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