TITLE

Molecular incidence and clearance of Plasmodium falciparum infection

AUTHOR(S)
Krogstad, Donald J.; Koita, Ousmane A.; Diallo, Mouctar; Gerone, John L.; Poudiougou, Belco; Diakité, Mahamadou; Touré, Yéya T.
PUB. DATE
October 2015
SOURCE
Malaria Journal;10/22/2015, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Although the epidemiology of malaria has been based primarily on microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests, molecular methods are necessary to understand the complexity of natural infection in regions where transmission is intense and simultaneous infection with multiple parasite genotypes is common such as sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: To compare microscopic and molecular estimates of the incidence and clearance of Plasmodium falciparum infection, we followed 80 children monthly for 1 year in the village of Bancoumana in Mali. Results and discussion: Similar seasonal patterns were observed with both methods (rainy season peak, dry season nadir), although molecular methods detected more infections than microscopy (571 vs 331 in 906 specimens), more new infections (311 vs 104 during 829 person-months) and spontaneous clearance events (317 vs 116) and found higher incidence (0.38 vs 0.13 new genotypes/person/month, p < 0.001) and spontaneous clearance rates (0.38 vs 0.14 genotypes cleared/person/month, p < 0.001). These differences were greatest for persistently-infected subjects in whom neither new infections nor the clearance of old infections could be detected by microscopy (0.71 new infections and 0.73 cleared infections per month using molecular methods vs 0.000 by microscopy, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Molecular methods provide information about genetic diversity, the intensity of transmission and spontaneous clearance in the absence of drug treatment that cannot be obtained by microscopy. They will be necessary to evaluate the efficacy of vaccines, drugs and other control strategies for diseases such as malaria in which simultaneous infection with more than one organism (genotype) is common.
ACCESSION #
110628592

 

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