Changing patterns in the surgical treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer - single centre experience

Budzyński, Piotr; Pędziwiatr, Michał; Grzesiak-Kuik, Agata; Natkaniec, Michał; Major, Piotr; Matłok, Maciej; Stanek, Maciej; Wierdak, Mateusz; Migaczewski, Marcin; Pisarska, Magdalena; Budzyński, Andrzej
July 2015
Videosurgery & Other Miniinvasive Techniques / Wideochirurgia i;2015, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p430
Academic Journal
Introduction: Although the surgical treatment of patients with perforated duodenal ulcer is the method of choice, the introduction of effective pharmacotherapy has changed the surgical strategy. Nowadays less extensive procedures are chosen more frequently. The introduction of laparoscopic procedures had a significant impact on treatment results. Aim: To present our experience in the treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer in two periods, by comparing open radical anti-ulcer procedures with laparoscopic ulcer repair. Material and methods: The analysis covered patients operated on for perforated duodenal ulcer. Two groups of patients were compared. Group 1 included 245 patients operated on in the period 1980-1994 with a traditional method (pyloroplasty + vagotomy) before introduction of proton pump inhibitors (PPI). Group 2 included 106 patients treated in the period 2000-2014 with the laparoscopic technique supplemented with PPI therapy. Groups were compared in terms of patients' demographic structure, operative time, complication rate and mortality. Results: The mean operative time in group 1 was shorter than in group 2 (p < 0.0001). Complications were noted in 57 (23.3%) patients in group 1 and 14 (13.5%) patients in group 2 (p = 0.0312). Reoperation was necessary in 13 (5.3%) cases in group 1 and in 5 cases in group 2 (p = 0.8179). The mortality rate in group 1 was significantly higher than in group 2 (10.2% vs. 2.8%, p = 0.0192). In group 1, median length of hospital stay was 9 days and differed significantly from group 2 (6 days, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Within the last 30 years, significant changes in treatment of perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) have occurred, mainly related to abandoning routine radical anti-ulcer procedures and replacing the open technique with minimally invasive surgery. Thus it was possible to improve treatment results by reducing complication and mortality rates, and shortening the length of hospital stay. Although the laparoscopic operation is longer, it improves outcomes. In the authors' opinion, in each patient with suspected peptic ulcer perforation, laparoscopy should be the method of choice.


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