Use of castor hull and sugarcane bagasse in particulate composites

Wisky Silva, Danillo; Láis Farrapo, Camila; Farinassi Mendes, Rafael; Marin Mendes, Lourival; Denzin Tonoli, Gustavo Henrique; Benedito Guimarães Jr., José
March 2016
Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p381
Academic Journal
Particulate composites can be manufactured using low-quality raw materials, thus presents the option of using various non-wood materials, including agricultural waste. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of using castor hull and sugarcane bagasse on the physico-mechanical properties of particulate composites. Particleboards were produced using raw materials such as Pinus oocarpa wood, castor hull (Ricinus communis), and sugarcane bagasse (Saccharum officinarum) in different proportions: 1) 100% P. oocarpa wood; 2) 100% castor hull; 3) 100% sugarcane bagasse; 4) 50% P. oocarpa wood and 50% castor hull; and 5) 50% P. oocarpa wood and 50% sugarcane bagasse. The produced panels had a nominal density of 0.70 g/cm3, 8% urea- formaldehyde adhesive, specific pressure of 3.92 MPa, temperature of 160°C, and pressing time of 8 min. The panels produced with sugarcane bagasse, with or without pine wood, showed better dimensional stability. The panels produced with sugarcane bagasse only or with castor hull only showed the lowest values of modulus of rupture and elasticity to the bending. However, despite these differences among the treatments, all treatments met the requirements of the EN 312 (2003) standard for internal use panels.


Related Articles

  • Study of pozzolanic properties of two sugarcane bagasse ash samples from Honduras. Bonilla, Mercedes; Borrachero, María V.; Monzó, José M.; Akasaki, Jorge L.; Ma-Tay, Daniel; Payá, Jordi // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p357 

    It is well known that the combustion of agricultural waste such as rice husk, bamboo leaf and bagasse among others, depending on the combustion process, may produce powders with pozzolanic properties. Two samples of sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) from Honduras were studied (from Ingenio Santa...

  • THERMAL AND MECHANICAL BEHAVIORS OF CEMENTITIOUS COMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH BAGASSE. Bilba, Ketty; Rodier, Loïc; Onésippe, Cristel; Arsène, Marie-Ange // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p330 

    Worldwide, the purpose of enhancing sustainability, circular economy, use of by- products and renewable resources, has an increasing interest. Adding value to vegetable tropical resources is one of the challenges of COVACHIM-M2E laboratory. In this paper, sugar cane bagasse is evaluated both as...

  • Study of the potential employment of Malvaceae Species in composites materials. Gama Guimarães, Bárbara Maria; Cayuela Marín, Diana; Fernando Zonatti, Welton; Mantovani, Waldir; Relvas, Cátia; Cunha, Fernando; Fangueiro, Raul; Savastano Júnior, Holmer; Baruque-Ramos, Júlia // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p75 

    The employ of vegetal fibers for textiles and composites represents a great potential in economic and social sustainable development. Some Malvaceae species are considered tropical cosmopolitans, such as from Sida genus. Several species of this genus provide excellent textile bast fibers, which...

  • Synthesis Of Silver Nanoparticles With Potential Antifungical Activity For Bamboo Treatment. Pandoli, Omar; Ventura Pereira-Meirelles, Fatima; Lobo Lobo Luz, Eric Monteiro; Assumpção, Aline; dos Santos Martins, Raquel; del Rosso, Tommaso; Ghavami, Khosrow // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p86 

    To increase the durability of bamboo it is important to find an easy method to fill the micro and meso structure of the biological matrix using a nano-structural material with an anti- fungical activity. A colloidal solution of silver nanoparticle (Ag-NPs) is a dispersion of metal nanoparticle...

  • Sheath bamboo leaves used at high pressure architect. GARCIA, Juliana; JOHN, Vanderley // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p92 

    Sheath bamboo leaves (SBL) are potential lignocelluloses waste, aimed to produce laminated architectonic coatings. In this work was studied the surface interaction among the SBL and three types of adhesive: Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc), Castor oil Polyurethane Adhesive bi- component (Vegetal PU),...

  • Analysis of fiber reinforced laminated timber beams. Abade Bertoline, Carlos Augusto; Tadeu Mascia, Nilson; Donizeti Basaglia, Cilmar; Fazendeiro Dodadon, Bruno // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p100 

    The necessity to restore the design specifications of a determined structure, combined with cost, weight and environmental impact reduction makes the use of high performance composite systems, involving, either synthetic or natural materials, interesting. By applying a layer of fiber...

  • Effect of natural fiber hornification on the fiber matrix interface in cement based composite systems. Rocha Ferreira, Saulo; de Andrade Silva, Flávio; Lopes Lima, Paulo Roberto; Toledo Filho, Romildo Dias // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p118 

    Several fiber treatments can be applied to mitigate the high water absorption of vegetal fibers. Wetting and drying cycles are usually performed in the industry of paper and cellulose to reduce the volume variation of the natural fibers. This procedure stiffens the polymeric structure of the...

  • The Elastic Modulus and Poisson's Ratio of Laminated Bamboo Guadua angustifolia. Takeuchi, Caori P.; Estrada, Martin; Linero, Dorian L. // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p126 

    Laminated bamboo is a natural composite material with cellulose fibers, parenchyma cells, and vascular bundles. The mechanical characterization of this material includes not only the determi- nation of its strength, but also of its elastic constants. Given the anisotropic nature of the laminated...

  • Comparative study on the effect that coir fibers have on the dynamic or quasi-static elastic moduli of glass fiber laminates obtained by the vacuum bag technique. Villalón, Mario; Vega, Hugo; Montoya, Nahary; Rubio, Byron; Hernandez, Julio; Mendoza, Omar; Salas-Zuñiga, Roberto; Reyes-Zamora, Ulises; Radillo, Rodolfo; Reyes-Araiza, J. L.; Manzano-Ramírez, A. // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 668, p137 

    The use of natural fibers has a great interest due to their damping properties, low density and moderate strength. The effect of incorporating chopped natural fibers, as disperse reinforced phase, on the dynamic or quasi-static elastic modulus of glass fiber laminates is presented. Squares of 32...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics