Redefining Woman’s Role in the Family and its Impact on the Painting Decorations and Structure of Aristocratic Houses in Tehran during the Qajar era

مریم ارمغان; حسین سلطا نزاده; هما ایرانی بهبهانی
October 2015
Bagh-I-Nazar;Autumn2015, Vol. 12 Issue 34, p103
Academic Journal
Many of the biographies and travelogues of Qajar era have reported a gradual change in the culture of aristocratic families in Tehran especially since the middle of Naseri period. Some of these changes gradually modified the definition of woman's role in the family. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the changes appeared in the body, painting decorations and structure of the house based on the redefinition of woman's role in Tehran during the Qajar era. Thus, the present study is not aimed at describing the shapes used in the body of the house, or analyzing the house based on figurative, climatic and spatial criteria but it has mainly investigated the relation of the body and structure of the aristocratic houses with the life cultures. Therefore, reconstructing the behaviors and relationships among family members and home affairs have been carried out by studying the biographies, travelogues and texts of that period so that the effect of family structure, which is heavily influenced by the definition of woman's role, on the aristocratic houses was examined in the Qajar era. The architecture of houses has been studied in two body parts, the form of the house and painting decorations, and the structure, the relationships between different areas of the house. Furthermore, in the analysis of spatial and structural patterns used in the architecture of aristocratic houses, it should be noted that the spaces used in the house with a fixed face and realized rules and sometimes with semi-fixed and flexible models were sometimes emerged as formless and with invisible relationships. Therefore, the shape and the body of the house can not represent the events and lifestyle by themselves. Here again, the role of reconstructing behaviors and events is revealed mainly through the study of the literature of that period. Data collection of words and images is seeking to answer these two questions: How has the definition of woman in family affected the structure, body and decorations of aristocratic houses? And how has the change in the definition of woman modified the body and structure of the aristocratic houses in Qajar era? It seems that the response to the posed questions roots in the pale of male-female borders. Thus, the research hypothesis can be stated as: the pale of male-female borders has led to the changes in the body, painting decorations and structure of aristocratic houses. Since considering the status of women in the context and background of Qajar era, regardless of the lifestyle, family structure and socio-cultural conditions of the period is not possible therefore, examining the facts relating to the definition of women's status was carried out on the basis of historical research plan and through using the primary and sometimes secondary sources. The present study was carried out by using the interpretation-historical research method which involves four stages: First, gathering sources which are mostly the primary ones in the present study and includes biographies, memoirs, and interviews. The next step is to collect and organize the data and then, to evaluate, describe and analyze the data and finally, to sum up and make conclusions. The targeted sampling was intended in the present research so that among the various aristocratic houses which reflect their own certain characteristics, a sample house was chosen so the comparison was facilitated between them. Therefore, five Qajar's aristocratic houses were selected based on the historic transposition and different physical and structural features. Since identifying the woman's role in the period is not something that has a lot of available primary information, reading the biographies, memoirs, and interviews is considered useful in order to understand the life culture of the aristocratic and explain the woman's role in that culture. The next step is to investigate the relationship between the body and structure of the house and the life culture of the house. Then, the change in the woman's definition has been considered in that period and the five aristocratic houses were explored in order to analyze how the changes were made in the body and structure of the house. Finally, analyzing and summarizing the data and making conclusions of them have been carried out. The results show that women's participations in the community which were previously hidden, and the pale of malefemale borders made a difference in the life culture, so that the need for having eunuchs as a liaison between the male and female worlds was gradually vanished since the late Nasseri period. Multiple interior spaces and some spaces for the eunuchs were eventually excluded due to the spread of monogamy, and consequently, the house became more focused-body. The themes of painting decorations of this period are also the narrator of the above changes; therefore, images of foreign women started to appear on the walls and ceilings of the halls and alcoves of aristocratic houses and the bodies of women and men's started to be written distinctively in the middle of Nasseri period.


Related Articles

  • Toward Cultural Landscape in the City? Mansouri, Maryam al-sadat; Atashinbar, Mohammad // Manzar: The Iranian Scientific Journal of Landscape;Autumn2014, Vol. 6 Issue 28, p68 

    Urban Landscape in a common scientific meaning defines a quality that comes from the reciprocal relationship between the users and the city. All physical components of this quality are present elements in the city. Streets and public spaces are among these components that can be said in...

  • Investigating the Spatial Organization and Structure of Iranian Cities till Mid Qajar Era and Presenting Pattern of Traditional Structure of Cities in This Era. Balilan, Lida; Nouri, Asl Maryam; Sattarzadeh, Dariyush // Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development;Spring/Summer2014, Issue 12, p81 

    Iranian traditional cities were created with a system based on experiments and gradual establishment of society through time. Qajar era is especially important in Iranian art history. Until mid Qajar era, Iranian cities's architecture mainly took benefit of its common traditional architecture...

  • A Comparative Study of the Architectural Features' Designs: Masjid-Madreseh of Qajar and Safavid School. Bemanian, Mohamad Reza; Momeni, Kourosh; Soltanzadeh, Hosein // Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development;Autumn2013/Winter2014, Issue 11, p23 

    One of the major monuments of Islamic architecture is religious schools which have appeared at Seljuk period in Nazmyeh and have continued to be at Qajar with ups and downs. The peak of Masjid- Madreseh construction is in the early Qajar period which led to establish Dar-al-fonoun school at the...

  • The Last Cavalier: Being the Adventures of Count Sainte-Hermine in the Age of Napoleon. Reisman, Rosemary M. Canfield // Magill Book Reviews; 

    During the Napoleonic era, a young French aristocrat has to abandon the woman he loves in order to redeem his own reputation and restore his family's honor.

  • Formation and Features of Tehran Urban Parks during the Reign of First Pahlavi Period, Case Study: Tehran National Garden (Baq-E-Melli). Habib, Farah; Etesam, Iraj; Ghoddusifar, Seyed Hadi // Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development;Autumn2013/Winter2014, Issue 11, p69 

    Urban Parks, as one of the main component of urban green spaces, have an important role in urban social life and cultural exchanges. Their importance in the process of sustainable development causes that they are considered as one of the most important indicators of community development....

  • Iran's Sherbet and Sherbet Houses in Passage of Time. Hosseini, Arezoo // Bagh-I-Nazar;Summer2013, Vol. 10 Issue 25, p57 

    In most cities and villages of Iran, there used to be sherbet houses, where people gathered for casual chats, drank sherbet (syrup) and debated about local daily topics. In these places, people listened to poems and stories of the well-known Shahnameh (The Epic of Kings) - a masterpiece of...

  • ENGLAND'S LOST HOUSES. Worsley, Giles // History Today;Aug2002, Vol. 52 Issue 8, p18 

    Explains the reasons behind the demolition of country houses in Great Britain during the 20th century. Factors attributed to the decision of aristocratic families to sell their estates; Impact of an agricultural depression in the region; Role of fashion in the demolition of houses during the...

  • Thoughts on an Illustrated Copy of the Divan of Muhammad Khan Dashti from the 1270s (1853-1863). Uluç, Lale // Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p231 

    Qajar painting is best known for its large images. These large images have generated most of the scholarly writing on Qajar figurative art. This was a natural outcome of the shift of emphasis from illustrated manuscripts that were the primary channel for the figurative arts of the Safavid era to...

  • Simultaneity of Music and Urban Space With an Emphasis on Mourning in Tehran (Qajar to the Pahlavi I). Sharayeli, Mohammadreza; Adelvand, Padideh // Bagh-I-Nazar;Feb2017, Vol. 13 Issue 44, p29 

    It seems that the existence and survival of music in the city as an example of urban art is dependent on the interaction of three factors: artists, public space and citizens as the target audiences. This means that ignorance and deletion of one of them will change the whole nature of it and this...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics