Ultrasound imaging of the musculocutaneous nerve of infants, preschool children, and school children

Matsota, Paraskevi; Paraskevopoulos, Tilemachos; Kalimeris, Konstantinos; Nicolaidou, Polyxeni; Kostopanagiotou, Georgia
October 2015
Journal of Anesthesia;Oct2015, Vol. 29 Issue 5, p790
Academic Journal
The purpose of this imaging study was to investigate whether the musculocutaneous nerve could be visualized ultrasonographically in childhood and to assess how its visualization changes with age. Forty-two children participated in this prospective imaging study. The musculocutaneous nerve was sought both proximally (near the axillary artery) and distally (within the coracobrachialis muscle) by use of an linear ultrasound probe. Location of the musculocutaneous nerve was good (93 %) for all the children, both proximally and distally. For school-aged children, distal visualization of the musculocutaneous nerve reached 100 %. The musculocutaneous nerve is detectable in childhood by use of ultrasonography; success of detection was high for all the age groups examined.


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