Studying of Optical Fiber Strain Using Speckle Pattern Correlation

Farid, Niveen; Hussein, Hatem; El-Bahrawi, Mohamed
March 2016
International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa;2016, Vol. 19, p10
Academic Journal
The present work discusses the optical fiber strain induced by the thermal and the mechanical effects. Two different optical fibers of different core diameters were used in the study. The thermal effect was induced by temperature control system in order to raise optical fibers temperatures to controlled values. The mechanical stress was induced on the optical fibers by a micro mechanical stage. The sensitivity of the optical fibers to both effects was studied by speckle pattern correlation in which the speckles are recorded at each disturbance and analyzed. By tracing the recorded speckles , x and y displacements could be measured and the strain could be determined in two dimensions. Power attenuation in each fiber was studied in each case as well. Both speckle correlation and power attenuation techniques used in the study showed similar indication on the sensitivity of the optical fibers to the external disturbers.


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