Modeling and Prediction of Solvent Effect on Human Skin Permeability using Support Vector Regression and Random Forest

Baba, Hiromi; Takahara, Jun-ichi; Yamashita, Fumiyoshi; Hashida, Mitsuru
November 2015
Pharmaceutical Research;Nov2015, Vol. 32 Issue 11, p3604
Academic Journal
Purpose: The solvent effect on skin permeability is important for assessing the effectiveness and toxicological risk of new dermatological formulations in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics development. The solvent effect occurs by diverse mechanisms, which could be elucidated by efficient and reliable prediction models. However, such prediction models have been hampered by the small variety of permeants and mixture components archived in databases and by low predictive performance. Here, we propose a solution to both problems. Methods: We first compiled a novel large database of 412 samples from 261 structurally diverse permeants and 31 solvents reported in the literature. The data were carefully screened to ensure their collection under consistent experimental conditions. To construct a high-performance predictive model, we then applied support vector regression (SVR) and random forest (RF) with greedy stepwise descriptor selection to our database. The models were internally and externally validated. Results: The SVR achieved higher performance statistics than RF. The (externally validated) determination coefficient, root mean square error, and mean absolute error of SVR were 0.899, 0.351, and 0.268, respectively. Moreover, because all descriptors are fully computational, our method can predict as-yet unsynthesized compounds. Conclusion: Our high-performance prediction model offers an attractive alternative to permeability experiments for pharmaceutical and cosmetic candidate screening and optimizing skin-permeable topical formulations.


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