Threading dislocations in epitaxial InN thin films grown on (0001) sapphire with a GaN buffer layer

Lu, C.J.; Bendersky, L.A.; Hai Lu; Schaff, William J.
October 2003
Applied Physics Letters;10/6/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 14, p2817
Academic Journal
The density and types of threading dislocations (TDs) in InN thin films grown on (0001) sapphire with a GaN buffer layer were characterized by transmission electron microscopy. Perfect edge TDs with 1/3<1120> Burgers vectors are predominant defects which penetrate the GaN and InN layers. Pure screw and mixed TDs were also observed. Overall the TD density decreases during film growth due to annihilation and fusion. The TD density in GaN is as high as ≈1.5×10[sup 11] cm[sup -2], and it drops rapidly to ≈2.2×10[sup 10] cm[sup -2] in InN films. Most half-loops in GaN are connected with misfit dislocation segments at the InN/GaN interface and formed loops, while some TD segments threaded the interface. Half-loops were also generated during the initial stages of InN growth. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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