Nonmagnetic semiconductor spin transistor

Hall, K.C.; Lau, Wayne H.; Gündo&gcaron;du, K.; Flatté, Michael E.; Boggess, Thomas F.
October 2003
Applied Physics Letters;10/6/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 14, p2937
Academic Journal
We propose a spin transistor using only nonmagnetic materials that exploits the characteristics of bulk inversion asymmetry (BIA) in (110) symmetric quantum wells. We show that extremely large spin splittings due to BIA are possible in (110) InAs/GaSb/AlSb heterostructures, which together with the enhanced spin decay times in (110) quantum wells demonstrates the potential for exploitation of BIA effects in semiconductor spintronics devices. Spin injection and detection is achieved using spin-dependent resonant interband tunneling and spin transistor action is realized through control of the electron spin lifetime in an InAs lateral transport channel using an applied electric field (Rashba effect). This device may also be used as a spin valve, or a magnetic field sensor. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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