TITLE

Childhood obesity: a risk factor for development of flatfoot

AUTHOR(S)
Saldívar Cerón, Héctor Iván; Garmendia Ramírez, Alberto; Rocha Acevedo, Marco Antonio; Pérez Rodríguez, Pedro
PUB. DATE
January 2015
SOURCE
Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Elsevier Science;Jan2015, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: In Mexico, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is 34.4% in school-age children (ENSANUT 2012), which may induce a vicious cycle of flatfoot-plantalgia-sedentarism-obesity, although the presence and degree of flatfoot in school-age children with obesity has not yet been described in a Mexican population. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of flatfoot and its association with obesity in school-age children living in Tampico. Methods: An analytical and cross-sectional study with 1128 students, 48.8% male and 51.2% female, 9- to 11-years of age. Anthropometric measurements (weight and height) were performed. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and obesity was considered a BMI percentile > 95. Plantar footprint was photographed via a podoscope using Denis classification to diagnose flatfoot grades. Results: The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 49.1% and of flatfoot was 12.1% (male: 8.1%, female: 4%, p = 0.28). The association between obesity and flatfoot was significant (p < 0.001) and there was a 2.5 times higher risk of overweight-obese children compared to those of normal weight. Conclusions: There is an association between obesity and flatfoot. We suggest implementing secondary preventive measures in this population.
ACCESSION #
109255414

 

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