TITLE

Toxicity Biosensor for Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Using Immobilized Green Fluorescent Protein Expressing Escherichia coli

AUTHOR(S)
Ooi, Lia; Heng, Lee Yook; Ahmad, Asmat
PUB. DATE
March 2015
SOURCE
Journal of Sensors;3/17/2015, Vol. 2015, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is suitable as a toxicity sensor due to its ability to work alone without cofactors or substrates. Its reaction with toxicants can be determined with fluorometric approaches. GFP mutant gene (C48S/S147C/Q204C/S65T/Q80R) is used because it has higher sensitivity compared to others GFP variants. A novel sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) toxicity detection biosensor was built by immobilizing GFP expressing Escherichia coli in k-Carrageenan matrix. Cytotoxicity effect took place in the toxicity biosensor which leads to the decrease in the fluorescence intensity. The fabricated E. coli GFP toxicity biosensor has a wide dynamic range of 4–100 ppm, with LOD of 1.7 ppm. Besides, it possesses short response time (<1 min), high reproducibility (0.76% RSD) and repeatability (0.72% RSD, R2>0.98), and long-term stability (46 days). E. coli GFP toxicity biosensor has been applied to detect toxicity induced by SDS in tap water, river water, and drinking water. High recovery levels of SDS indicated the applicability of E. coli GFP toxicity biosensor in real water samples toxicity evaluation.
ACCESSION #
109206492

 

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