TITLE

Status Beliefs and the Spirit of Capitalism: Accounting for Gender Biases in Entrepreneurship and Innovation

AUTHOR(S)
Thébaud, Sarah
PUB. DATE
September 2015
SOURCE
Social Forces;Sep2015, Vol. 94 Issue 1, p61
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this article, I develop and empirically test the theoretical argument that widely shared cultural beliefs about men's and women's abilities in entrepreneurship (i.e., "gender status beliefs") systematically influence the social interactions during which an entrepreneur, particularly an innovative entrepreneur, seeks support from potential stakeholders for his or her new organization. To evaluate this argument, I conducted three experimental studies in the United Kingdom and the United States in which student participants were asked to evaluate the profiles of two entrepreneurs and to make investment decisions for each. The studies manipulated the gender of the entrepreneur and the innovativeness of the business plan. The main finding is consistent across studies: gender status beliefs disadvantage typical women entrepreneurs vis-àvis their male counterparts, but innovation in a business model has a stronger and more positive impact on ratings of women's entrepreneurial ability and overall support for their business ideas than it does for men's. However, the strength of these patterns varies significantly depending on the societal and industry context of the new venture in question. Findings indicate that gender status beliefs can be understood as an important "demand-side" mechanism contributing to gender inequality in aggregate entrepreneurship rates and a micro-level factor affecting the likelihood that a new and novel organization will emerge and survive.
ACCESSION #
109033881

 

Related Articles

  • Chasing brilliance. Cosper, Amy C. // Entrepreneur;Jun2010, Vol. 38 Issue 6, p12 

    The article presents information on several of the 100 entrepreneurial companies that the periodical "Entrepreneur" has found to be creative, brilliant and successful in 2010.

  • Emotional Responses on Initial Exposure to a Hedonic or Utilitarian Description of a Radical Innovation. Chaudhuri, Arjun; Aboulnasr, Khaled; Ligas, Mark // Journal of Marketing Theory & Practice;Fall2010, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p339 

    Recent research advocates the importance of emotions in new product development. We investigate whether initial exposure to either a hedonic or utilitarian description of an innovation increases willingness to try the innovation. We extend Wood and Moreau's (2006)...

  • A Categorical Data Analysis on Financial Failures in Vietnam, 2007-2013. Quan Hoang Vuong; Napier, Nancy K.; Tri Dung Tran; Nguyen, Hong Kong T. // International Journal of Business & Management;Sep2013, Vol. 8 Issue 18, p87 

    In this paper, we examined 256 cases of financial failure and fraud occuring during the recent Vietnam's chaotic years from 2007 to 2013, employing methods of categorical data analysis. Reported results suggest that the rent-seeking approach, or resource-based orientation, alone does not help...

  • WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS FIGHT FOR THEIR PIECE OF THE PIE.  // Newsweek Global;5/16/2014, Vol. 162 Issue 19, p1 

    The article discusses the difficulty female entrepreneurs face in securing venture capital (VC) compared to male entrepreneurs and how they are overcoming that problem. Topics include the Pipeline Fellowship, founded by Natalia Oberti Noguera, which trains women to be angel investors, a Harvard...

  • Uganda, the Entrepreneur's Paradise.  // Fast Company;May2004, Issue 82, p46 

    Presents a list of countries whose individuals, age 18 to 64, are active in either starting up or managing a new business enterprise. Uganda; Venezuela; Thailand.

  • To succeed, start small.  // BusinessToday;2014, Issue 191, p19 

    The article provides an answer to a question of how entrepreneurs from Pakistan ensure cash flow in the early days of a start-up and pay employees' salaries despite unavailability of venture capital fund.

  • AN EQUITY GAP: DOES IT REALLY EXIST IN SLOVENIA? Vadnjal, Jaka; Letonja, Marina; Berginc, Jordan // Enterprise in Transition: International Conference Proceedings: ;2007, Special section p1 

    Venture capital is recognized as one of the key catalysts to stimulate creation and growth of innovative and high-growth potential entrepreneurship. However, transition economies suffer from the lack of tradition of equity financing which is one of the main pillars of modern economies. The...

  • How to successfully start your own business. Langhorne, John // Corridor Business Journal;12/13/2010 Entrepreneur Supplement, p3 

    The article offers the author's ideas for starting a business successfully. It notes on important elements to successfully start up a business, which include attitude and willingness to work. It mentions one essential decision in starting up which involves whether to slide or jump and...

  • Critical Success Factors of the Survival of Start-Ups with a Radical Innovation. Groenewegen, Gerard; de Langen, Frank // Journal of Applied Economics & Business Research;2012, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p155 

    The purpose of the article is to determine which factors are most important for the success of a startup with a radical innovation in the first three years. First a conceptual model is designed in which three main factors determine the success of growth: the uniqueness of the advantages of the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics