TITLE

The contributing factors to the negative health behaviours in rural Newfoundland and Labrador

AUTHOR(S)
Hynes, B.; Anderson, B.
PUB. DATE
September 2015
SOURCE
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice & Research;2015, Vol. 76 Issue 3, pe3
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify the factors that most contribute to negative health behaviours in rural Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). This is relevant because of evidence indicating that rural residents have lower levels of health promoting behaviours and poorer health status than those living in urban settings. Process or Content: A literature review of primarily Canadian sources was completed to identify the state of health in rural NL, the contributing factors to the negative health behaviours observed in these areas, and the effects of the increasing income disparity. Project Summary: The results of the literature review present a conundrum; one view on the health of rural residents is that they are unhealthier overall and exhibit fewer healthy behaviours. Another view identifies no differences between the health of rural and urban residents when controlling for income. The factors identified as contributing to negative health behaviours in rural areas are income, education and literacy, presence of health services, rurality itself/location, and social and cultural norms. Knowledge of these factors identifies what areas are the most important to focus on when implementing change in rural areas. Recommendations and Conclusion: Knowledge of the results of this research can inform direction for dietitians, health professionals, and policy makers looking to create the conditions necessary for positive and healthy lifestyles within rural areas. The creation of job opportunities in a rural area, for instance, would increase employment rates and income for many residents thereby reducing associated food insecurity rates.
ACCESSION #
108971509

 

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