Two-dimensional photonic crystals with Ge/Si self-assembled islands

David, S.; El kurdi, M.; Boucaud, P.; Chelnokov, A.; Le Thanh, V.; Bouchier, D.; Lourtioz, J.-M.
September 2003
Applied Physics Letters;9/29/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 13, p2509
Academic Journal
Two-dimensional photonic crystals were fabricated on silicon-on-insulator waveguides with self-assembled Ge/Si islands deposited on top of the upper silicon layer. The photonic crystals consist of triangular lattices of air holes designed to exhibit a forbidden band around 1.5 μm. Different hexagonal photonic crystals microcavities were processed whose optical properties are probed at room temperature with the Ge/Si island photoluminescence. Quality factors larger than 200 are measured for hexagonal H3 cavities. A significant enhancement of the Ge/Si island photoluminescence is achieved in the 1.3–1.55 μm spectral region using the photonic crystal microcavities. We show that the energy resonance of the defect modes can be tuned with the filling factor of the photonic crystal. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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