TITLE

MICROBIAL PATTERN AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST IN SEMEN GRESIK HOSPITAL 2012

AUTHOR(S)
Fahruddin, M. Abid; Prihatini
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Folia Medica Indonesiana;2014, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p37
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Microbial pattern and antibiotic susceptibility test in the hospital are needed as surveilance, pattern of antibiotic use, and infection control program. The microbial pattern and antibiotic susceptibility test are used as tools for hospital management to regulate the use of antibiotics and for taking actions to control hospital infection. This research purposes to obtain the microbial pattern and susceptibility test in Semen Gresik Hospital during January- December 2012. This was a descriptive study, data were obtained from the patients' medical records in the Semen Gresik Hospital. There were 385 culture examinations from 337 patients. Out of these, 230 cultures showed growth, 100 isolates (44.5%) were Gram(+) and 130 isolates (56.5%) were Gram (-). Abscess specimens, showed Escherichia sp.(32 isolates)is the most common bacteria. In blood cultures found Staphylococcus epidermidis (7 isolates). Sputum cultures showed Escherichia sp. (5 isolates) and from throat swabs, Streptococcus viridans, Enterobacter, and Escherichia sp. were found. Antibiotic susceptibility test showed that Pipemidic acid and Amoxicillin were the most resistant antibiotics while Phenems, Aminoglycoside and Fosfomycin, still showed a high susceptibility. Escherichia sp., Escherichia coli and CONS were the most found microbes in this culture examination. Pipemidic acid and Amoxicillin were the most resistant antibiotics while Phenems, Aminoglycoside and Fosfomycin, still showed a high susceptibility.
ACCESSION #
108838655

 

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