TITLE

Dynamic stall process on a finite span model and its control via synthetic jet actuators

AUTHOR(S)
Taylor, K.; Amitay, M.
PUB. DATE
July 2015
SOURCE
Physics of Fluids;2015, Vol. 27 Issue 7, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
An experimental study of the process by which dynamic stall occurs on a finite span S809 airfoil was conducted at the Center for Flow Physics and Control at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Understanding the flow field around a dynamically pitching airfoil helped in controlling the dynamic stall process through active flow control via synthetic jet actuators. The three component, two dimensional flow fields were measured with a stereoscopic particle image velocimetry system. This study demonstrated that, through the introduction of periodic momentum near the leading edge of this model, the evolution of the dynamic stall vortex, which forms and convects downstream under dynamic conditions, could be delayed or suppressed in favor of the preservation of a trailing edge vortex that arises due to trailing edge separation and recirculation in the time averaged sense. This process seems to be the result of changing how the flow field transitions from trailing edge separation to a fully separated flow. In a phase-averaged sense, absent of flow control, this process is defined by the creation of a phase averaged leading edge recirculation region, which interacts with the trailing edge separation. Through the introduction of momentum near the leading edge, this process can be altered, such that the phase averaged trailing edge separation region is the dominant structure present in the flow. Additionally, a cursory investigation into the instantaneous flow fields was conducted, and a comparison between the phase averaged flow field and instantaneous fields demonstrated that while similar effects can be observed, there is a significant difference in the flow field observed in the instantaneous fields versus the phase averaged sense. This would imply that a different method of analyzing dynamic stall from PIV measurements may be necessary.
ACCESSION #
108735968

 

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