TITLE

Early childhood caries in Switzerland: a marker of social inequalities

AUTHOR(S)
Baggio, Stéphanie; Abarca, Marcelo; Bodenmann, Patrick; Gehri, Mario; Madrid, Carlos
PUB. DATE
July 2015
SOURCE
BMC Oral Health;Jul2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a marker of social inequalities worldwide because disadvantaged children are more likely to develop caries than their peers. This study aimed to define the ECC prevalence among children living in French-speaking Switzerland, where data on this topic were scarce, and to assess whether ECC was an early marker of social inequalities in this country. Methods: The study took place between 2010 and 2012 in the primary care facility of Lausanne Children's Hospital. We clinically screened 856 children from 36 to 71 months old for ECC, and their caregivers (parents or legal guardians) filled in a questionnaire including items on socioeconomic background (education, occupation, income, literacy and immigration status), dental care and dietary habits. Prevalence rates, prevalence ratios and logistic regressions were calculated. Results: The overall ECC prevalence was 24.8 %. ECC was less frequent among children from higher socioeconomic backgrounds than children from lower ones (prevalence ratios ≤ 0.58). Conclusions: This study reported a worrying prevalence rate of ECC among children from 36 to 71 months old, living in French-speaking Switzerland. ECC appears to be a good marker of social inequalities as disadvantaged children, whether from Swiss or immigrant backgrounds, were more likely to have caries than their less disadvantaged peers. Specific preventive interventions regarding ECC are needed for all disadvantaged children, whether immigrants or Swiss.
ACCESSION #
108665491

 

Related Articles

  • Dental Caries: Racial and Ethnic Disparities Among North Carolina Kindergarten Students. Go Matsuo; Rozier, R. Gary; Kranz, Ashley M. // American Journal of Public Health;Dec2015, Vol. 105 Issue 12, p2503 

    Objectives. We examined racial/ethnic disparities in dental caries among kindergarten students in North Carolina and the cross-level effects between students' race/ethnicity and school poverty status. Methods. We adjusted the analysis of oral health surveillance information (2009-2010) for...

  • Prevalence and socioeconomic determinants of dental sealant use among schoolchildren in Saudi Arabia. Al Agili, D. E.; Niazy, H. A.; Pass, M. A. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;2012, Vol. 18 Issue 12, p1209 

    There are no published research reports on the prevalence of dental sealant use in children in Saudi Arabia. This study determined the prevalence and socioeconomic indicators of dental sealant use on the permanent molars of a stratified random sample of schoolchildren in Jeddah. A basic oral...

  • Knowledge, attitudes and practices of sweet food and beverage consumption and its association with dental caries among schoolchildren in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Quadri, F. A.; Hendriyani, H.; Pramono, A.; Jafer, M. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Jun2015, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p403 

    The prevalence of dental decay is expected to rise in many developing countries due to the growing consumption of sugars. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of sweet food and beverage consumption among schoolchildren in Jazan, Saudi Arabia and to determine the...

  • Gaps in smiles and services: a cross-sectional study of dental caries in refugee-background children. Quach, Alicia; Laemmle-Ruff, Ingrid L.; Polizzi, Tatiana; Paxton, Georgia A. // BMC Oral Health;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Refugees are reported to experience high rates of dental disease, although there are limited data on refugee children. The aim of this study was to report on oral health in refugee-background children in Australia, and to assess their follow-up at dental services. Methods:...

  • Lifetime and current waterpipe use among adolescents in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Baheiraei, A.; Hamzehgardeshi, Z.; Mohammadi, M. R.; Nedjat, S.; Mohammadi, E. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Dec2013, Vol. 19 Issue 12, p1003 

    Waterpipe use among Iranian adolescents has become a matter for concern. A descriptive, cross-sectional community-based survey was performed in 2010 to determine the prevalence of waterpipe use and associated factors among Iranian adolescents in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. After...

  • Overweight and obesity among Jordanian women and their social determinants. Al Nsour, M.; Al Kayyali, Gh.; Naffa, S. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Dec2013, Vol. 19 Issue 12, p1014 

    This study aimed to explore the social determinants associated with obesity among Jordanian women using the national data from the Jordan Population and Family Health Survey 2009. We found the overall prevalence of overweight was 30% and obesity was 38.8% among Jordanian women aged 15-49 years....

  • The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Implant Selection for Patients Undergoing Hip Arthroplasty. Olsen, Michael; Neufeld, Michael; Sellan, Michael; Morison, Zachary; Schemitsch, Emil H. // University of Toronto Medical Journal;Mar2015, Vol. 92 Issue 2, p39 

    Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) is an alternative to total hip arthroplasty (THA) that preserves proximal femoral bone stock. Patient socioeconomic status (SES) has been demonstrated to impact access to care for numerous healthcare interventions but little is known about its impact on HRA...

  • Socioeconomic inequalities and vaccination coverage: results of an immunisation coverage survey in 27 Brazilian capitals, 2007-2008. Barradas Barata, Rita; Carlos Sampaio De Almeida Ribeiro, Manoel; Cássio De Moraes, José; Flannery, Brendan // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Oct2012, Vol. 66 Issue 10, p934 

    Background Since 1988, Brazil's Unified Health System has sought to provide universal and equal access to immunisations. Inequalities in immunisation may be examined by contrasting vaccination coverage among children in the highest versus the lowest socioeconomic strata. The authors examined...

  • Does Health Insurance Continuity Among Low-income Adults Impact Their Children's Insurance Coverage? Yamauchi, Melissa; Carlson, Matthew; Wright, Bill; Angier, Heather; Devoe, Jennifer // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Feb2013, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p248 

    Parent's insurance coverage is associated with children's insurance status, but little is known about whether a parent's coverage continuity affects a child's coverage. This study assesses the association between an adult's insurance continuity and the coverage status of their children. We used...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics