Chapter 3: History

McCoy, Lisa
January 2003
Bahrain;2003, pN.PAG
The chapter discusses the history of Bahrain. From 2100 to 1700 B.C., Dilmun was a major city, probably containing a population of between 2,000 to 4,000 people. From about 1700 B.C. to 700 A.D., a number of foreign powers exerted control over Bahrain. In the early seventh century, the Byzantine Empire drove the Sassanids from their eastern Arabian outposts. The differences between Muslim Arabs and European Christians eventually led to a series of religious wars. In 1521, the Portuguese occupied Bahrain. Bahrain remained a protectorate of Great Britain until 1968, when Britain announced that it was withdrawing its presence from the region, a process that would be complete in 1971. The Gulf region would remain unstable throughout the 1980s. A war between Iran and Iraq began in September 1980, and continued until 1988.


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