TITLE

Erectile Dysfunction and Undiagnosed Diabetes, Hypertension, and Hypercholesterolemia

AUTHOR(S)
Skeldon, Sean C.; Detsky, Allan S.; Goldenberg, S. Larry; Law, Michael R.
PUB. DATE
July 2015
SOURCE
Annals of Family Medicine;Jul/Aug2015, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p331
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE We investigated whether erectile dysfunction, a marker for future cardiovascular disease, is associated with undiagnosed cardiometabolic risk factors among US men. Identifying the presence of these risk factors could lead to earlier initiation of treatment for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. METHODS We analyzed cross-sectional data from men aged 20 years and older who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2001-2004. Erectile dysfunction was determined by a single, validated survey question. We used logistic regression analyses to investigate the relationship between erectile dysfunction and undiagnosed hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. RESULTS After multivariate adjustment, men with erectile dysfunction had more than double the odds of having undiagnosed diabetes (odds ratio = 2.20; 95% CI, 1.10-4.37), whereas no association was seen for undiagnosed hypertension or undiagnosed hypercholesterolemia. For the average man aged 40 to 59 years, the predicted probability of having undiagnosed diabetes increased from 1 in 50 in the absence of erectile dysfunction to 1 in 10 in the presence of erectile dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS Our results underscore the importance of erectile dysfunction as a marker of undiagnosed diabetes. Erectile dysfunction should be a trigger to initiate diabetes screening, particularly among middle-aged men.
ACCESSION #
108458324

 

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