Stability of Semi-Implicit and Iterative Centered-Implicit Time Discretizations for Various Equation Systems Used in NWP

Bénard, P.
October 2003
Monthly Weather Review;Oct2003, Vol. 131 Issue 10, p2479
Academic Journal
The stability of the classical semi-implicit scheme and some more advanced iterative schemes recently proposed for NWP purposes is examined. In all of these schemes, the solution of the centered-implicit nonlinear equation is approached by an iterative fixed-point algorithm, preconditioned by a simple, constant in time, linear operator. A general methodology for assessing analytically the stability of these schemes on canonical problems for a vertically unbounded atmosphere is presented. The proposed method is valid for all the equation systems usually employed in NWP. However, as in earlier studies, the method can be applied only in simplified meteorological contexts, thus overestimating the actual stability that would occur in more realistic meteorological contexts. The analysis is performed in the spatially continuous framework, hence allowing the elimination of the spatial discretization or the boundary conditions as possible causes of the fundamental instabilities linked to the time scheme itself. The general method is then shown concretely to apply to various time-discretization schemes and equation systems (namely, shallow-water and fully compressible Euler equations). Analytical results found in the literature are obtained from the proposed method, and some original results are presented.


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