TITLE

The Influence of Phonemic Awareness Development on Acoustic Cue Weighting Strategies in Children's Speech Perception

AUTHOR(S)
Mayo, Catherine; Scobbie, James M.; Hewlett, Nigel; Waters, Daphne
PUB. DATE
October 2003
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2003, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p1184
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In speech perception, children give particular patterns of weight to different acoustic cues (their cue weighting). These patterns appear to change with increased linguistic experience. Previous speech perception research has found a positive correlation between more analytical cue weighting strategies and the ability to consciously think about and manipulate segment-sized units (phonemic awareness). That research did not, however, aim to address whether the relation is in any way causal or, if so, then in which direction possible causality might move. Causality in this relation could move in 1 of 2 ways: Either phonemic awareness development could impact on cue weighting strategies or changes in cue weighting could allow for the later development of phonemic awareness. The aim of this study was to follow the development of these 2 processes longitudinally to determine which of the above 2 possibilities was more likely. Five-year-old children were tested 3 times in 7 months on their cue weighting strategies for a /so/-/∫o/contrast, in which the 2 cues manipulated were the frequency of fricative spectrum and the frequency of vowel-onset formant transitions. The children were also tested at the same time on their phoneme segmentation and phoneme blending skills. Results showed that phonemic awareness skills tended to improve before cue weighting changed and that early phonemic awareness ability predicted later cue weighting strategies. These results suggest that the development of metaphonemic awareness may play some role in changes in cue weighting.
ACCESSION #
10816983

 

Related Articles

  • Infant Perception of Non-Native Consonant Contrasts that Adults Assimilate in Different Ways. Best, Catherine C.; McRoberts, Gerald W. // Language & Speech;Jun2003, Vol. 46 Issue 2/3, p183 

    Numerous findings suggest that non-native speech perception undergoes dramatic changes before the infant's first birthday. Yet the nature and cause of these changes remain uncertain. We evaluated the predictions of several theoretical accounts of developmental change in infants' perception of...

  • SEMEL AUDITORY PROCESSING PROGRAM: TRAINING EFFECTS AMONG CHILDREN WITH LANGUAGE-LEARNING DISABILITIES. Semel, Eleanor M.; Wiig, Elisabeth H. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Apr1981, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p192 

    Examines whether language processing abilities among school-age children with language-learning disabilities could be improved through training with the Semel Auditory Processing Program (SAPP). Relation of specific deficits in auditory memory and sequencing and in the acquisition of word and...

  • Children's Weighting Strategies for Word-Final Stop Voicing Are Not Explained by Auditory Sensitivities. Nittrouer, Susan; Lowenstein, Joanna H. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2007, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p58 

    Purpose: It has been reported that children and adults weight differently the various acoustic properties of the speech signal that support phonetic decisions. This finding is generally attributed to the fact that the amount of weight assigned to various acoustic properties by adults varies...

  • Auditory Perceptual Disorders: "He Won't Outgrow Them" Mencher, George T.; Stick, Sheldon L. // Clinical Pediatrics;Nov1974, Vol. 13 Issue 11, p977 

    Focuses on the auditory perceptual disorders in children. Consequences of auditory perceptual disturbances; Approaches to recognition and identification of the disorder; Examinations and therapy for language delayed children; Teaching of compensatory behavior.

  • Effect of Early Otitis Media on Speech Identification. Sandeep, M.; Jayaram, M. // Australian & New Zealand Journal of Audiology;May2008, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p38 

    Otitis media (OM) is the most common cause of conductive hearing loss in children in India. Hearing loss secondary to OM has been reported to result in deficits in auditory processing. It was hypothesised that such deficits can be more deleterious if OM occurs in the first year of life as there...

  • The Intersection between Vocal Music and Language Arts Instruction: A Review of the Literature. O'Herron, Patricia; Siebenaler, Dennis // UPDATE: Applications of Research in Music Education;Spring/Summer2007, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p16 

    The article discusses the intersection between vocal music and language arts instruction with particular attention to auditory processing and vocal production, developmentally appropriate singing and modeling, prosody and music perception as they relate to language arts achievement. The intent...

  • Children With Specific Language Impairments Perceive Speech Most Categorically When Tokens Are Natural and Meaningful. Coady, Jeffry A.; Evans, Julia L.; Mainela-Arnold, Elina; Kluender, Keith R. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2007, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p41 

    Purpose: To examine perceptual deficits as a potential underlying cause of specific language impairments (SLI). Method: Twenty-one children with SLI (8;7-11;11 [years;months]) and 21 age-matched controls participated in categorical perception tasks using four series of syllables for which...

  • Phonotactic Probability Effects in Children Who Stutter. Anderson, Julie D.; Byrd, Courtney T. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2008, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p851 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of phonotactic probability, which is the frequency of different sound segments and segment sequences, on the overall fluency with which words are produced by preschool children who stutter (CWS) as well as to determine whether it...

  • Phonetic Detail in the Developing Lexicon. Swingley, Daniel // Language & Speech;Jun2003, Vol. 46 Issue 2/3, p265 

    Although infants show remarkable sensitivity to linguistically relevant phonetic variation in speech, young children sometimes appear not to make use of this sensitivity. Here, children's knowledge of the sound forms of familiar words was assessed using a visual fixation task. Dutch...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics