Auditory Serial Position Effects in Story Retelling for Non-Brain-Injured Participants and Persons With Aphasia

Brodsky, Martin B.; McNeil, Malcolm R.; Doyle, Patrick J.; Fossett, Tepanata R. D.; Timm, Neil H.; Park, Grace H.
October 2003
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2003, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p1124
Academic Journal
Using story retelling as an index of language ability, it is difficult to disambiguate comprehension and memory deficits. Collecting data on the serial position effect (SPE), however, illuminates the memory component. This study examined the SPE of the percentage of information units (%IU) produced in the connected speech samples of adults with aphasia and age-matched, non-brain-injured (NBI) participants. The NBI participants produced significantly more direct and alternate IUs than participants with aphasia. Significant age and gender differences were found in subsamples of the NBI controls, with younger and female participants generating significantly more direct IUs than male and older NBI participants. Alternate IU productions did not generate an SPE from any group. There was a significant linear increase from the initial (primacy) to the final (recency) portion of the recalled alternate IUs for both the NBI group and the group of participants with aphasia. Results provide evidence that individuals with aphasia recall discourse length information using similar memory functions as the nonimpaired population, though at a reduced level of efficiency or quantity. A quadratic model is suggested for the recall of information directly recalled from discourse-length language material.


Related Articles

  • Working Memory in Aphasia: Theory, Measures, and Clinical Implications. Wright, Heather Harris; Shisler, Rebecca J. // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;May2005, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p107 

    Recently, researchers have suggested that deficits in working memory capacity contribute to language-processing difficulties observed in individuals with aphasia (e.g., I. Caspari, S. Parkinson, L. LaPointe, & R. Katz, 1998; R. A. Downey et al., 2004; N. Friedmann & A. Gvion, 2003; H. H. Wright,...

  • Disorders of Naming Following Brain Injury. Goodglass, Harold // American Scientist;Nov/Dec80, Vol. 68 Issue 6, p647 

    Deals with the association of brain injury with name-finding disorders, such as aphasia. Three-stage model of naming; Information on the semantic organization in the brain; Analysis of studies on the psychological nature of the name-finding disorders.

  • primary progressive aphasia.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1893 

    An encyclopedia entry for the medical term "primary progressive aphasia," is presented.

  • A longitudinal study of sentence comprehension difficulty in primary progressive aphasia. Grossman, M.; Moore, P. // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;May2005, Vol. 76 Issue 5, p644 

    Context Patients with primary progressive aphasia have sentence comprehension difficulty, but the longitudinal course of this deficit has not been investigated. Objective: To determine how grammatical, single word meaning, and working memory factors contribute to longitudinal decline of sentence...

  • Nonparallel recovery in bilingual aphasia: Effects of language choice, language proficiency, and treatment. Mali Gil; Mira Goral // International Journal of Bilingualism;Jun2004, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p191 

    We describe a 57-year-old Russian-Hebrew bilingual aphasic patient who received speech-language therapy in his second language (Hebrew) in the first three-and-a-half months post onset and then in his first language (Russian) for an additional month and a half. He was first diagnosed with...

  • Assessing Acquired Language Disorders in Adults via the Internet. Deborah Theodoros; Anne Hill; Trevor Russell; Elizabeth Ward; Richard Wootton // Telemedicine & e-Health;Aug2008, Vol. 14 Issue 6, p552 

    This study evaluated the validity and reliability of assessing aphasia using standard language assessments via an Internet-based videoconferencing system at a bandwidth of 128 Kbps. Thirty-two patients with aphasia from stroke or TBI were assessed by face-to-face or online-led environments....

  • A distinct clinical, neuropsychological and radiological phenotype is associated with progranulin gene mutations in a large UK series. Jonathan Beck; Jonathan D. Rohrer; Tracy Campbell; Adrian Isaacs; Karen E. Morrison; Emily F. Goodall; Elizabeth K. Warrington; John Stevens; Tamas Revesz; Janice Holton; Safa Al-Sarraj; Andrew King; Rachael Scahill; Jason D. Warren; Nick C. Fox; Martin N. Rossor; John Collinge; Simon Mead // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Mar2008, Vol. 131 Issue 3, p706 

    Mutations in the progranulin gene (GRN) are a major cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions (FTLD-U) but the distinguishing clinical and anatomical features of this subgroup remain unclear. In a large UK cohort we found five different...

  • THE MOTO-KINAESTHETIC TREATMENT OF APHASIA. Pfait, Paul L. // Western Speech;May1940, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p5 

    Examines the moto-kinaesthetic treatment of aphasia. Correlation between aphasic disability and loss of other abilities; Re-training of the gross musculature of aphasics in adults; Suggested approach to a method of re-training.

  • Alexia With and Without Agraphia: An Assessment of Two Classical Syndromes. Sheldon, Claire A.; Malcolm, George L.; Barton, Jason J. S. // Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences;Nov2008, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p616 

    Background: Current cognitive models propose that multiple processes are involved in reading and writing. Objective: Our goal was to use linguistic analyses to clarify the cognitive dysfunction behind two classic alexic syndromes. Methods: We report four experiments on two patients, one with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics